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How to get slope of discrete data

How to get slope of discrete data

How to get slope of discrete data

(OP)
Hi,
I have discrete data which can be some kind of curve. Now if we don't use a function to fit the data, and just based on these discrete data, can we get the approximate slope?

Thanks.

RE: How to get slope of discrete data

I'm not understanding your requirements.  A "slope," by definition, implies a model, i.e., that the data fits a straight line.  If you have no model, you have nothing but raw data.

TTFN

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RE: How to get slope of discrete data

(OP)
In matlab, I just find that we can use function 'diff' to calculate the approximate slope.

if we have y-x data, then diff(y)./diff(x) gives rough slopes at different points.

RE: How to get slope of discrete data

diff()./diff() is the obvious answer.  gradient() is better.  There's no rocket science involved, but it does mean you don't need to do all the end treatment stuff yourself.

- Steve

RE: How to get slope of discrete data

That's fine if you have ZERO noise and ZERO measurement error.  If you do have noise or measurement errors, then the slopes you generate are going to be relatively meaningless.

If your data doesn't fall on a line, then I'm not sure what you're trying to accomplish.  If your trying to interpolate or do a prediction, then you should be fitting to a polynomial or something similar to mitigate the noise impact.

If your data are on a line, then you should fit to a line to get the best data possible.

TTFN

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RE: How to get slope of discrete data

(OP)
Thank you all. My data is quite good.

I will try both diff (or gradient) and fitting to a simple function.

Mapi

RE: How to get slope of discrete data

Perhaps you need to explain what the end goal is, and what the data represents.  Have you even graphed the data?  Why are you going through this exercise without knowing what the result should look like.  Seems like creating unnecessary busywork.

TTFN

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RE: How to get slope of discrete data

(OP)
My data is stress-strain data (nonlinear curve). I need to determine the Young's modulus (the slope).

Mapi

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