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Pre-treatmentrs for painting on Zinc?

Pre-treatmentrs for painting on Zinc?

Pre-treatmentrs for painting on Zinc?

Can anyone help we have die-cast zinc components (Zamak 3) which we would like to paint. Are there specific pre-treatments we should be using and can anyone recommend any particular paint companies that may specialise in paints for zinc.

Thanks for your help



RE: Pre-treatmentrs for painting on Zinc?

The usual pre-treatment is conversion coating, either chromating or phosphating.  Phosphating is probably more commonly used although chromating gives better corrosion resistance.  There are many variations; the easiest (which avoids setting up a processing line or out-sourcing the work) is to use a ‘wash primer.’ Also called an etch primer or acid-resin coat.  This is a two part mixture:  one consists of a polyvinyl butyl resin dissolved in alcohol (+filler/pigment), the second is a phosphoric acid-water solution. Mix just before application.  When applied to the zinc or zinc alloy, the phosphoric acid reacts to form a very thin phosphate.  As the alcohol evaporates, it leaves a very thin resin coating which protects the phosphate and improves paint adhesion.  It is important to only use a thin application so that there is no unreacted phosphoric acid left in the film.
For resin-acid wash primers incorporating zinc chromate pigment, see DOD-P-15328 and MIL-C-8514.  Both are available at the DoD’s ASSIST site: http://assist1.daps.dla.mil/quicksearch/
Also ‘Paint No. 27 Basic Zinc Chromate-Vinyl Butyrol Wash Primer’ -- Steel Structures Painting Council Specification.

See also
ASTM D2092-95(2001)e1 Standard Guide for Preparation of Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Surfaces for Painting.  http://www.astm.org/
MIL-C-17711  Coatings, Chromate, for Zinc Alloy Castings and Hot Dip Galvanized Surface.
MIL-T-12879A  Treatments, Chemical, Prepaint and Corrosion Inhibitive, for Zinc Surfaces.
Metal Finishing Guidebook & Directory and Metal Finishing Organic Finishing Guidebook & Directory.  Both are included with a subscription to Metal Finishing magazine. http://www.metalfinishing.com

As for painting, it depends upon the parts’ application and available painting equipment (wet spray, powder coat, ovens, etc.).  An epoxy base coat and polyurethane topcoat is common for outdoor applications.  I have also heard that it is possible to (anodically) ecoat diecast alloys without pretreatment, but I am not familiar with the process.

RE: Pre-treatmentrs for painting on Zinc?

Thanks for the information and links they have been very helpful.



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