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Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

It depends on a few facts. Is the wall sloped back in front? How thick front to back at bottom? Are there roof snow loads carried to the slab? Nearest car load to wall? Slab thickness and strength? For a wall with base width at least 1/3 the height and face sloped back at least 20 degrees and a slab that will carry roof loads and no car within wall height from wall face edge, Slab edge 2 to 3 feet from wall face, my garage at my cabin has held for 20 years plus. 5" slab, thickened edge (10 inches), 5" slump 5 bag mix concrete. Wire grids in slab. Sawed joint down center. Wall 5 feet high. Built on side hill 20 degree slope. Wall backfill compacted gravel pit cover strippings (clay, gravel, sand mix).

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

oldestguy, isn't there a theoretical angle for where the zone of influence ends, where the vertical pressure from the slab no longer produces horizontal pressure on the wall? I seem to remember it was something like 45 + phi / 2 (in degrees). Is that not applicable for this situation?

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

There are many factors, some of which we guess as to effect, such as cohesive effect of the backfill, native soil shear strength, bending resistance of the slab, so I'd not try to compute anything. Just, in my case, by experience that works. Chances are my job was over built by a lot, but who knows.

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

Draw a line up from the bottom of the retaining wall footing (or lowest course of rocks) at a 1V:1H slope. Place the slab so it is beyond this line.

If space is tight, a line at a 2V:1H slope is probably acceptable.

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

If the rock wall is not built yet, the more slope you can give to the face of the wall, the better it is. This slope angle makes a significant part of the wall support ability.

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

(OP)
Some of the wall is already built but I need to add to it. Thanks for the advice I appreciate it

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

This garage was built on compacted fill. Part of the fill was held back by the wall shown. Two other buildings on same side hill all built on compacted fill held back by same type of wall. Job in Wisconsin with snow loads on roofs. SORRY SAME FILE NUMBER BUT WORNG PHOTO. CAN'T DELETE IT.

RE: Distance from Retaining Wall to Garage Slab

Another try.

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