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Matlab cftool Fourier

Matlab cftool Fourier

Matlab cftool Fourier

I am using cftool in Matlab to fit time series values to Fourier model with 8 terms:
General model Fourier8:
f(x) =
a0 + a1*cos(x*w) + b1*sin(x*w) +
a2*cos(2*x*w) + b2*sin(2*x*w) + a3*cos(3*x*w) + b3*sin(3*x*w) +
a4*cos(4*x*w) + b4*sin(4*x*w) + a5*cos(5*x*w) + b5*sin(5*x*w) +
a6*cos(6*x*w) + b6*sin(6*x*w) + a7*cos(7*x*w) + b7*sin(7*x*w) +
a8*cos(8*x*w) + b8*sin(8*x*w)

But I don't understand how Matlab calculate a and b coefficients. I found in literature that I can use formulas: an=2/n * sum ( x(t) cos (2*pi*k*t/n)); bn=2/n * sum ( x(t) sin (2*pi*k*t/n))
but I can't get values which Matlab showed me for these coefficients.

Is that Matlab formula for Fourier model formula for trigonometric Fourier series? Because in literature the first term in formula is a0/2, here is a0?

RE: Matlab cftool Fourier

Link https://www.mathworks.com/help/curvefit/fourier.html
Link http://mathworld.wolfram.com/FourierSeries.html

The Matlab Formula is trigonometric. The A0 coefficient change has to do with the limits changing from 1 to inf to -inf to inf. This is because omega in the Matlab Formula is defined from 0 to 2*pi.

In Mathematica, the original equation is divided by two since the limits are 1 --> inf. Notice that the coefficient integrals have to be divided by a pi factor.

That's my best explanation.

God made the integers, all else is the work of man. -Leopold Kroenecker

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