×
INTELLIGENT WORK FORUMS
FOR ENGINEERING PROFESSIONALS

Contact US

Log In

Come Join Us!

Are you an
Engineering professional?
Join Eng-Tips Forums!
  • Talk With Other Members
  • Be Notified Of Responses
    To Your Posts
  • Keyword Search
  • One-Click Access To Your
    Favorite Forums
  • Automated Signatures
    On Your Posts
  • Best Of All, It's Free!

*Eng-Tips's functionality depends on members receiving e-mail. By joining you are opting in to receive e-mail.

Posting Guidelines

Promoting, selling, recruiting, coursework and thesis posting is forbidden.

Students Click Here

Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

(OP)
I am looking to build a system for measuring the velocity of an opaque object sliding up and down a chute, sort of like an elevator travelling along the shaft.

I'm trying to figure out if I can use a pair of photoelectric sensors mounted at a pre-determined distance apart, and each will be "tripped" as the object moves past them. The time takaen will be recorded, and the velocity calculated accordingly. Can anyone enlighten me if this setup is possible?

Another option I thought is to use a distance sensing sensor, but I'm not sure how to go about doing it.

Can anyone help?

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

That usually works fine as long as whatever is measuring the time has the timing chops needed.

Keith Cress
kcress - http://www.flaminsystems.com

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

(OP)
The speed is < 2 m/s. Accuracy 5% for a start?

It's not so much as whether the sensors can do the job, but reading through the catalog, there does not appear to be a ready-made off the shelf system. From my research, some programming or logic control is required. I'm totally new to this PLC stuffs, so I'm really starting from ground zero.

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

see: http://saba.kntu.ac.ir/eecd/Ecourses/inst%2086/Pro...

You can use something like: https://www.sparkfun.com/products/11021 to read the sensors and calculate the time difference between two trips. The corrected distance divided by the time is the speed.

TTFN
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert!
homework forum: //www.engineering.com/AskForum/aff/32.aspx
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

Short of some Off The Shelf speed meter which I image is available, a PLC would be a typical go-to solution.

There are also a lot of radar speed thingies out there where you you just point them at the oncoming product. The product probably needs a weee bit of metal in or on it.

Keith Cress
kcress - http://www.flaminsystems.com

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

As long as the time period between sensors is something reasonable (2 m/s speed should be easy) it's really easy to use the first sensor to initiate a timer in the PLC logic and the second one to end the timer. The resolution, and therefore the accuracy of the result, will be dependent on the scan time for the program logic, but in this day and age, that's usually pretty small. Simple logic like this will get confused if a second object comes down the track before the first one has passed the second sensor. If the object has an irregular shape and is tumbling or spinning rather than sliding straight down the tracks, it isn't going to work well, either.

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

(OP)
Thanks for the replies.

I've met some vendors peddling their laser distance measuring equipment. Nice, but comes with a nicer price tag too. I thought I can do with something that I Can cobbled together.

Hey itsmoked and BrianPetersen, I'm not an automation engineer by training, but would you be able to share some references or keywords for me to look up on? I've been toying with the speed gate concept, but I can't find anything conclusive.

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

I would go to Automation Direct and peruse their sensors.
AD photo sensors

You probably can not beat the value of most these sensors. The 8mm ones are crazy cheap and utterly waterproof and egg proof(don't ask me how I know).
Back out a page if you want to see the rest of their sensors like inductive and capacitive.

While I haven't actually looked you can probably use one of their timers
AD timers
that you could calibrate to spit out a speed value garnered from a time period.

Keith Cress
kcress - http://www.flaminsystems.com

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

(OP)
Thanks again guys.

Baby steps here for me... itsmoked, so these sensors will then go to some kind of a timer? Direct or via some kind of controller?

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

Those sensors just light up a LED and change their signal output when they "see" something. That's all they do.

You want the speed? You need to time the period between something being "seen" by the first one and subsequently being seen by the second one. The distance between the two positions and the time it takes the item to translate between the two is the definition of velocity.

v = (t1-t0)/(d0-d1)

t = time
d = position
v = velocity or speed(directionless)

Find an off-the-shelf timer that has three inputs. Reset, start, and stop. When the start input transitions the timer starts counting time. When the stop input transitions it stops timing ans shows the time period that occurred.

Divide that number by the physical distance separating the two sensors and you have the speed.

There are hundreds pf timers out there with probably half them able to do that function. Look at Factorymation, Automationdirect, and Newark.

Keith Cress
kcress - http://www.flaminsystems.com

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

Yes, something like that! I read the confusing manual and saw:

Quote:

"Count Start with INP A edge, count Stop with
INP B edge (InA.Inb)"

That is the type function you're looking for. If you were to place the sensors 1 meter apart and the timer allows 1/x to display the number shown would be meters/second for the speed. Seems like that timer could do that but you'd have to dig out which of the four model they mash-up in the user's manual covered all that.

If the item moves 1 meter in a 1/2 second then 1/(1/2) = 2m/s


And those P&K optical sensors would work too. Those are nice. Maybe a little pricey but nice.

What item are you measuring the speed of?

Keith Cress
kcress - http://www.flaminsystems.com

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

What if the object is accelerating while going through the sensor? Ooops.

Peter Nachtwey
Delta Computer Systems
http://www.deltamotion.com

RE: Photoelectric Sensor (or similar) for measuring velocity of moving object

Yeah.. Luckily things on conveyors have a hard time accelerating.

Keith Cress
kcress - http://www.flaminsystems.com

Red Flag This Post

Please let us know here why this post is inappropriate. Reasons such as off-topic, duplicates, flames, illegal, vulgar, or students posting their homework.

Red Flag Submitted

Thank you for helping keep Eng-Tips Forums free from inappropriate posts.
The Eng-Tips staff will check this out and take appropriate action.

Reply To This Thread

Posting in the Eng-Tips forums is a member-only feature.

Click Here to join Eng-Tips and talk with other members! Already a Member? Login


Resources

Low-Volume Rapid Injection Molding With 3D Printed Molds
Learn methods and guidelines for using stereolithography (SLA) 3D printed molds in the injection molding process to lower costs and lead time. Discover how this hybrid manufacturing process enables on-demand mold fabrication to quickly produce small batches of thermoplastic parts. Download Now
Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM)
Examine how the principles of DfAM upend many of the long-standing rules around manufacturability - allowing engineers and designers to place a part’s function at the center of their design considerations. Download Now
Taking Control of Engineering Documents
This ebook covers tips for creating and managing workflows, security best practices and protection of intellectual property, Cloud vs. on-premise software solutions, CAD file management, compliance, and more. Download Now

Close Box

Join Eng-Tips® Today!

Join your peers on the Internet's largest technical engineering professional community.
It's easy to join and it's free.

Here's Why Members Love Eng-Tips Forums:

Register now while it's still free!

Already a member? Close this window and log in.

Join Us             Close