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Beam-Forming Network

Beam-Forming Network

Beam-Forming Network

(OP)
Hi All,

Does anybody have any information about Beam-Forming Feed Networks used for phased array antenna? I will be very thankful if you help me.

Ragards

RE: Beam-Forming Network

This is only half a question as you do not address what frequency, power level or beam characteristic and these all have an influence on the type of beam forming used.

However as an example, Ferrite phase shifters are used on older radar systems.  Active steered electronic arrays which have individual amplifiers at each antenna element are used on newer systems.

 

RE: Beam-Forming Network

I agree with BrianR, more details are needed.
I used to work with EMS.  They manufacture BFN's.
http://www.emsstg.com/space_sol/beam_forming_networks.asp
Also checkout:
http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04262000-15330030/unrestricted/ch3.pdf

Also, BFN's can be relatively simple or extremely complex.  It depends on the details.  One hint:  you can't scan greater than the beamwidth (BW) of a single element without pattern distortion.

RE: Beam-Forming Network

(OP)
Hi,

Thanks for your replys.

I need an overall view of BFN. I am not looking for a specific design or application. My main purpose is the information about the advantages and disadvantages of each kind and when we are going to use each one.

Regards,

RE: Beam-Forming Network

If you only want to form one beam, it's simple. Buy a power divider and hook up cables to the antenna array.

If you need more beams then the next choice is "Butler matrix" or "Blass Matrix" search these on the internet. They are cousins of each other. Most cell sites use a Butler Matrix.

Wider bandwith, use a 'microwave stripline lens' beamformer, often called a "Rotmen Lens", they can give you 2:1 or up to 5:1 bandwidth.

Narrower bandwith beamformers use a power divider with phase shifters.

check amazon.com too.

Good luck,
kch

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