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Risk Based Inspection.
4

Risk Based Inspection.

Risk Based Inspection.

(OP)
I am presently faced with a new challenge of taking charge of the risk based inspection of the surface facilities in my company's crude oil flowstations. Please I will be obliged if someone can give me guidelines on the above subject matter or give link on where to find information on the above.
Thanks.
March1971

RE: Risk Based Inspection.

The description you have provided is very sketchy. What are the items/Equipments/Facilities/Systems which require inspection. Why have you termed it as Risk based inspection?

RE: Risk Based Inspection.

2
1       2      3      4      5
RBI---->PHA--->PSM--->RMP--->HSE MS

1. API 581 & 581    
   API 1129 & 1169
   API 752
   
2. ISO BS EN 17776, API 770, BS EN 1050

3. OSHA CFR 29

4. EPA CFR 40 Pt. 68 & API 760 & 761

5. ISO 14000 & API 50
   ISO 18000, API 75, API 2220 & 2221
   API 9000, 9100 A & B  

Note:

I cannot stress enough how important it is to read OSHA 3133; it would reflect alot towards your inquiry and will ensure you grasp the entire picture.  Risk must be evaluated comprehensively in line with the Process Information and accordingly addressed in the relevant system procedures; such as:

Design + *,    
Manufacturing + *,
Construction + *,
Commissioning + *,
Operation + *,
Shutdown + *,
Maintenance/Inspection + *,
Start-Up + *,

* : Training or Prequalification of Contractors/
    Manufacturers

With the following barriers,that ensure the consistency and adquacy of the system procedures:

Audits,
Emergency Prepardness,
Management of Change,

The above three items proof the risk assessment.

Risk Assessment --> Process Hazard Analysis
             
HAZID/HAZOP/FTA/FMEA/FMEAC/ETA/QRA/SIL/PVM etc etc

Cheers  

RE: Risk Based Inspection.

2
In addition to PVRV's references don't forget to review local or regional regs./requirements

You do not mention in what part of the world you are working. There may be restrictions that are even more demanding than those PVRV has cited.

Good Luck

ietech

RE: Risk Based Inspection.

ietech good point!

Local Regulations form an essential part of any Management System.

RE: Risk Based Inspection.

I would like to echo ietech's point.  There are many regulatory requirements in many countries that negate the possible benefits of RBI.  Don't get caught out!

Also take care that the employer is not just looking to cut costs with the latest whizzy scheme.  A planned preventive maintenance and inspection program based on what the OEM suppliers use for their warranty support will do you more good than RBI.

RE: Risk Based Inspection.

Ietech is correct, i.e. local regulations must play a part in the Integrity Management system.  However, in 10 years of RBI I've never come across a set of regulations that wasn't open to a new approach.  There's alot of work in convincing a national regulator to allow "new" technologies, but it can be worth it !

Picking up on geoffreydavies points - (1) the main objective of RBI is to target inspection budgets at the equipment that carries the most risk (safety risk being the predominant risk factor); any regulation that sees this as a negative should, in my humble view, be challenged. (2) RBI has been the norm just about forever.  Engineers have been deciding what to inspect within their budget using their perceptions of risk.  RBI simply makes the process rigorous and auditable. (3) I assume the reference to OEM programmes relates to rotating equipment maintenance.  Be aware that OEM's generally recommend good healthcare programmes but they are indiscriminate, i.e. take no account of overall risk (they can't because they only look at one piece of equipment), and are not independently derived.  Static equipment is generally not covered by such OEM warranties and this is where RBI can deliver benefit.

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