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Microstrip electrical length

Microstrip electrical length

Microstrip electrical length

(OP)
Hi, we are setting up a incoming inspection test for an antenna.  We will be checking VSWR using a HP4291A Impedance Analyzer.  We have created a fixture and I deisnged a microstrip that goes in the fixture to connect the antenna to the HP4291A.  

We need to know the electrical length of the microstrip that I designed.  The texts that I used as reference to design it only mention Effective Length while using a transmission line model.  Is the Effective Length the same as the electrical length?

Anyone know a procedure for measuring the electrical length of a microstrip?

Regards,
Dan

RE: Microstrip electrical length

The electrical length changes with frequency for microstrip. Higher frequencies are electrically longer or they travel slower. Normal measurement of length is from a vector network analyzer where you calibrate S21, then hook up your cable and measure in time domain mode how long the effective pulse takes to get to the other port. Using the time domain feature of the analyzer can get you the amount of electrical delay in the microstrip. But if your antenna (or material being tested) is wide bandwidth, then the time it takes the energy to travel changes with frequency. Alternately, after you calibrate for S21 and attach your item there is a button on the display to add "electrical delay" length to the test result. Measuring phase you can set this electrical length value to make the phase read zero degrees and then just reading the value you entered into electrical delay. Look up "electrical delay" in the Agilent/HP manuals.

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