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# Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

## Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

(OP)
Hello everyone,

I am designing MCC. I need to calculate air flow and the fan & filter combination to achieve this for the starter cells.

For information.

• Attached excel sheet gives part numbers for soft starters and contactors
• This MCC is in an A/C controlled room.
• The external ambient temperature is 40ºC.
• Cell with CR01 will most likely have an auto transformer in it so we can add the watts lost at a later stage for that one.

The cells that need this cooling requirement are the following with the * symbol.

Could someone please guide me how can I calculate it?

Your help will be much appreciated.

Thanks
Replies continue below

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

Hi , do a search for

electrical enclosure air conditioner

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

(OP)

I did research on it. The thing that I am not able to understand is, how to calculate heat dissipation and internal temperature.

For example, in the CR01 section, we currently have only 1 400Amp mccb( LV432693 OR C40N32D400), with Full load current = 309.5.

How can I calculate heat dissipation for this?

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

Usually the air condition provider have software application for each device at enclosure.
As both mccb are Circuit Breaker , it almost do not dissipate heat, except from the electronic circuit , if they have, that shall be a small heat amount.
You can ask to the 1 400Amp mccb( LV432693 OR C40N32D400) vendor for it.

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

For the space in question, at equilibrium, heat gain = heat loss.
Heat gain is from outside air temp + solar heat gain + internal heat gain.
Heat loss = heat conducted through walls and roof (assuming internal temp. is > outside temp)
Set up your equation with internal temp. as the unknown. Simple algebra.

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

Normally electrical rooms are designed for a certain temperature and 104 F is usually the maximum allowable temperature exterior to electrical equipment before there are issues. Normally overall heat input of electrical equipment is used to size a AC unit to maintain the internal temperature of an electical room without looking at the temperature inside of the electrical enclosure. Perhaps there may be instances where certain electrical equipment may need to be internally cooled independently but rarely and if so equipment manufacturer will advise requirements and likely provide built in fans etc.

Heat loads for electrical equipment are usually provided by the manufacturer of the electical equipment devices or if not there are industry recommendation guidelines that provide estimated loads for an specific electric device.

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

(OP)
Thanks everyone for guidance, so now I have power loss, but looking for Max internal temperature of enclosure.

External ambient temperature is 40 degrees
Power dissipation of electrical component (Circuit breaker) is 57.6 watts
Dimensions of the enclosure (1827mm, 560mm, 600mm)

Can someone please guide me if there is an equation to calculate max internal temperature inside the enclosure, or how can we do that?

Best Regards,

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

as you state at OP

#### Quote:

This MCC is in an A/C controlled room.

so it shall be about 25 C degree .

So the 57.6 watts will be dissipated by the enclosure steel walls with almost no temperature increase.

The 40 degree is the external ambient temperature outside the building , the A/C will take charge controlling the INTERNAL ambient temperature.

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

It's OK to stop asking the same question in multiple forums.

### RE: Required airflow and the fan & filter combination for the starter cells in MCC.

I mispoke on my original response. 104F is maximum allowable external temperture of electrical equipment in general. Electric rooms are kept at a lower temperature depending on client preferences and as required to maintain temperature inside of enclosures where electrical devices are located at 104F max. We used 95F as max. design temp of electrical room but I have designed one room as low as 72F per client request. I think the max. temperature of 95F for electrical room will maintain temperatures inside of electrical enclosures at 104F max. as this was our company standard for electrical rooms maximum design temperatures using HVAC systems and we never were required to look at the temperatures that can be developed inside an enclosure if outside of enclosure was kept a 95F maximum.

The actual temperature inside the enclosure can be determind simplistically by a straight heat transfer equation
Q = h(A)(dT)

Q is internal heat dissipation of electrical components in cabinet
A = surface area of cabinet
h = overall heat transfer coeficient (inside air film + metal panel + outside air film)
dT = resulting temperature difference at Q

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