## Applied Base Pressure

## Applied Base Pressure

(OP)

Hi,

Can you please advise what's the applied pressure kn/m2 under the base will be at the attached sketch?

It's the horizontal force to the wall that I am not quite sure how to include in the applied base pressure.

Can you please advise what's the applied pressure kn/m2 under the base will be at the attached sketch?

It's the horizontal force to the wall that I am not quite sure how to include in the applied base pressure.

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

Thanks for trying to help. Can you please add some numbers on your thoughts when you find some time?

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

But I felt like being generous, so this is what Pham is alluding to

Edit: Wmax is the maximum bearing pressure directly below point A.

Edit #2 (thanks to BA): The pressure could be triangular across the full width as I've shown, it could be trapezoidal, it could be triangular over only a portion of the bottom. There isn't enough information to fully determine it. The diagram shown give you an idea of how it could be calculated when the loading is such that you have a perfectly triangular distribution that covers the entire base width (which now that I think about it more is not common at all, more of an anomoly actually).

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

The OP has not provided enough information to determine base pressure. There is no necessity for the pressure to be triangular across the full 1250mm width of base. It could be trapezoidal or triangular over a portion of the base. We just don't know without some more information.

EDIT: I just noticed something on the left of the footing, possibly a slab. Another possible source of resistance is tension in the slab. Has the slab been reinforced to resist the applied 250kN horizontal force? Can the slab resist moment? Does the slab bring additional vertical load to the left edge of the footing? You have to look at the whole picture, not just bits and pieces.

BA

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

I didn't ask you or anyone to do the work for me. I just asked a question man, there is no need to be aggressive. I am sure everyone has questions everyday at their work. Maybe my question is too daft for your level but no need to be aggressive?

Thank you for your sketch though and comments, much appreciated. Does the equation for the Wmax comes from a triangular formula?

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

The stabilizing moment is 125*1250/2 = 78,125kN-mm

Without some additional help, your foundation will not develop any pressure underneath it. It will simply overturn.

BA

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

Before we even get to bearing pressure we look at the statics, and the overturning moment here exceeds the restoring moment. As such, its unstable.

Whatâ€™s giving you a 250kN horizontal force at the top of the wall?

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

The restoring moment should also include the whole section of the slab that's its tied with the base thickening. The idea of it is that the base thickening will be continuous and monolithic with the slab, therefore the slab area also contributes to the restoring moment.

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

Sorry for the brevity. We often have people come here looking for free designs. That's not what we're all about. I didn't do my background check on your profile before I answered.

Yes, the Wmax in that calculation would only be for a triangular pressure distribution that perfectly took up the entire pad width. Which is actually quite rare because that means that the location of the eccentricity ends up exactly at the edge of the kern B/6.

If the load falls outside the kern, then you end up with a smaller triangle because the edge of the pad is in tension (obviously not possible with soils). If the load falls within the kern, then you end up with a trapezoidal pressure distribution.

## RE: Applied Base Pressure

If the barrier wall is tied into the slab, then I'm not sure I'd be concerned by the pressure developed by the impact load. Assuming this is all reinforced concrete, as long as the design of the wall, its connection to the slab, and the slab itself can take the impact you'd be okay. But I don't do roadway design and my knowledge of AASHTO is limited, so there may be a requirement that I'm not familiar with.