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Synthesising 3d road profiles from a given psd for a single track

Synthesising 3d road profiles from a given psd for a single track

Synthesising 3d road profiles from a given psd for a single track

(OP)
I've been asked to look at how to generate 3d road profiles for use in driving simulators and ABS performance evaluations. Luckily I have some real road profile data, measured every 6.35 mm, for each wheeltrack. I have also spent a fair while on a literature search.

Terminology : x is distance along the track measured from the start of the road, y is across the track measured from the centre of the road,left is negative, z(x,y) is the height at that point. wn=wavenumber (2*pi/wavelength in m). Coherence is (roughly) the proportion of the energy at each frequency in the second track that is due to the first signal. More accurately it looks at how stable the phase is between the two at each frequency.

An older approach is to assume that the road surface is isostatic, that is, the psd and the plot of coherence vs wavenumber between adjacent tracks is the same across the road as along it for a given spacing between slices . Bogsjo's excellent thesis suggests this is a bad idea. p101 onwards https://lucris.lub.lu.se/ws/files/4822806/599141.p.... This doesn't exactly amaze me, given that roads are made using rollers that drive along the road, not across it.

Obviously most work uses the coherence between the left and right track, but for the visual part of the job I need a grid size of say 10mm. I am hoping that the coherence is an emergent property, that is, the coherence at a separation of 1600mm will be the cumulative coherence of 160 adjacent 'slices' 10mm apart (my brain will explode if that is not right).

Does anybody have any direct, or at least relevant, experience with synthesising road profiles? I'm floundering a bit as the signal processing side is beyond my usual level (I think I can do it but it's easier to ask!).
.
Relevant previous thread https://www.eng-tips.com/viewthread.cfm?qid=339729

Cheers

Greg Locock


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RE: Synthesising 3d road profiles from a given psd for a single track

How about this technique. I would call it 'brute force' because it takes an overnight go-go session on a wizz-bang machine to do the calculations.

https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/15035866.pdf

The problem we had was trying to tell a paving company to build a 'bumpy road'. Wound up using a 3D milling machine to grind concrete. You have to keep measuring (validating) the profile because wear, weather and decomposition eventually alters the PSD.

Plus management took a dim view of the final product because it didn't 'look' like a real road (called Face Validity out our way).

Nowadays a large 3D printer could probably do a nice job making up slab segments to align and maintain.

RE: Synthesising 3d road profiles from a given psd for a single track

(OP)
We've got 6 proving rounds around the world. trying to keep the surfaces aligned between them is a bunch of laughs. We often end up grinding the concrete. For ride we actually took plaster casts of a particular piece of real road before they resurfaced it.

Sadly that paper is single track, thanks for looking.

Cheers

Greg Locock


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