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stress distribution of a thread in 3D

stress distribution of a thread in 3D

stress distribution of a thread in 3D


i tried to simulate a threaded connection between a bolt and a nut at the most realistic way, in 3D with applied torque.
I realised that on this way during the stress distribution a strange Pattern is forming, independently from the simulation settings. (also from friction)
After an investigation i have found that thats also independent from the program, and found many reference, but there were nowhere any comment about this pattern thing.
can someone explain this? i enclose some of the pics/ videos what i have found:

youtube1 from 1:22

RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

Your mesh is too coarse. Mesh of nut is awful. Try to model axisymmetric case with non-rotating bolt and cylindrical, not helical, thread and get mesh convergence.

RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

Hi karachun,

thank you for your answer. As i mentioned before these are not from me, although i also made some simulations with Solidworks to understand this effect and found that the mesh do not have any influence, as we see in picture 2.

Thank you for your suggestions but there can be many cases when only a 3D model with rotation is acceptable for the accurate solution and simplification is not working.

RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

If we assume the model is accurate (I am laughing already) there may be some local stick slip phenomenon in each thread so that locally there are high stress part of the thread that are sticking, and lower stress parts that have just released.


Greg Locock

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RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

that may be a reale world thing "localised slip" but why would it show up in a FEM ? Mind you I've seen similar repeating patterns where I won't expect them in the real world, things that look like waves propagating though the structure.

another day in paradise, or is paradise one day closer ?

RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

I appreciate the the FEM is probably (no slight intended) fiction, but that aside shouldn't the results be more consistent. I'd assume that he's modeled the two faces of the spiral thread, and modeled a consistent friction ... which "should" give a consistent result.

another day in paradise, or is paradise one day closer ?

RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

i attached my 3D model if someone has time to check it or give a try.
These patterns are independent from the friction because they are also there with 0. Also when i set up the nut as Rigid body without any deformation. What i have also realised that there is a correlation with the number of the waves and the pitch. If the pitch is lower theres more of them.

RE: stress distribution of a thread in 3D

What happens when you increase mesh density?

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