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High hardness values fillet weld of F552/S355

High hardness values fillet weld of F552/S355

High hardness values fillet weld of F552/S355


I have the following material per Shell's specification (F552) with the below composition:

- 0.13 %C
- 0.51 %Mn
- 2.39 %Cr
- 0.99 %Mo
- 0.006 %V
- 0.11 %Ni
- 0.08 %Cu
- 0.35 %Si
- 0.51% Mn
- 0.0004 %B

We are looking to weld it to S355, fillet weld, although the fabricator is having hardness problems. These are the parameters:

- Preheat 200C
- Position 2F
- Fillet metal GTAW ER70S-3
- Amps 179A
- Volts 11.2V
- Speed 13cm/min
- HI 9.3kJ/cm
- Post heating 250C during 30min + cooling under cover sheet

Hardness values are 410Hv.

Any ideas to reduce these values? Thank you.

RE: High hardness values fillet weld of F552/S355


Can you provide the thickness(es) of the base materials.

The first material is a creep resistant steel (group 5.2 acc. to EN ISO 15608), and the second one is a carbon steel (group 1.2 acc. to EN ISO 15608).

From what I learn and what I saw in my little experience, when you weld this two different materials, it's recommended to use the filler metal for the lowest alloy steel, and the technology after the higher alloyed steel.

In this case you can use ER70S-3, and use the technology (preheat - minimum 180degress acc. to ASME B31.3, parameters - i think the intensity it's very high - maybe maximum 130A, and PWHT - min 704 - max 760, 2.4mm/min, min time 2h, acc. to ASME B31.3).

Also, for slow cooling rate, it should be used the insulation at about 300 degrees (we kept the insulation for 1h).

I hope this will be helpfull.

Best regards!

RE: High hardness values fillet weld of F552/S355

In general, you have 3 ways to reduce the hardness. Slowing the cooling rate is one. The ways to do that are to increase the preheat or heat input of the weld for a given thickness. The second way is to adjust the composition of the base metal. Can you get one with lower carbon? The carbon content is directly related to the maximum attainable hardness. The third is to temper the material after welding. This can be done with a PWHT, or temper bead technique. Look into the options, and see what works best for your situation.

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