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Welding XM19

Welding XM19

Welding XM19


I’m looking at welding a 1.5" d barstock of nitronic 50. The material is Austenetic 209 SS. I’ve decided on a welding rod of 309L SS. From doing a carbon equivalency calculation it looks like this material should be preheated between 400 and 700F (calc from ASM #6 welding book). Post heat is going to be wrapped in blankets to cool slowly. My one concern is the possibility of sensitization (C = 0.06% in XM19) through the 850-450 range. Thoughts suggestions. The part cannot be put into a furnace as the length of the barstock in the end will exceed the furnace size. I suppose we could torch the part as well for a post heat, just like the pre heat. I’m thinking of keeping the part at the low end of the pre heat (400F) as I have also read the preheating stainless can cause more problems.  

RE: Welding XM19

Why would you use any peheat on an austenitic alloy?
What are you welding to?  (the bar to itself?)  Why not the ER209 filler?

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Still trying to help you stop corrosion.
formerly Trent Tube, now Plymouth Tube
or edstainless@earthlink.net

RE: Welding XM19

Hey Ed,

this part has a CE of 8.5 and from what i read in the ASM book it suggested a pre heat.

i turned the bar in half and beveled the edges for R & D purposes and cost. That was my thought as well for filler, however i dont think the supplier stocks it.

RE: Welding XM19

EdStainless is correct in asking why preheat. preheat is not required nor desirable.

Make sure you don't have Nitronic 50HS.

I welded this material with AWS ER209 numerous times with no problems.

Here is some welding information from HP


RE: Welding XM19

Your CE does not apply to an austenitic alloy.  You don't get hardening so it does not matter.  It is more important to keep temps as low as possible.  And make sure that everything is very clean.  Use good Ar for purge.

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Still trying to help you stop corrosion.
formerly Trent Tube, now Plymouth Tube
or edstainless@earthlink.net

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