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# vlookup returns a vector - need a scalar2

## vlookup returns a vector - need a scalar

(OP)
When I use vlookup to get the nth value of a single column array, it returns a vector, which I can't use in a subsequent vlookup function.

My arrays are one column by 10 rows, with one arry being the root areas and the other array being the bolt size.

I calculate a minimum area, then use lookup in an array of bolt root areas, then return the bolt size.

vlookup( calculated area , bolt root areas , bolt size )

vlookup seems to return the next highest bolt, which is what I want.

Then I want to use the bolt size in a vlookup to get the actual root area to then calculate the bolt strength.  But, Mathcad chokes on the use of the results from the first vlookup because it is a vector of one valur but it has to be a scalar.

How to convert?  Or do this easier?

### RE: vlookup returns a vector - need a scalar

guessing, can't you use something like

result:vlookup(whatever)

newlookup:result[1

to extract the scalar from the vector.

Cheers

Greg Locock

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### RE: vlookup returns a vector - need a scalar

(OP)
I'm using Result:=lookup(X,Y,Z) and it returns Result=(value) including the parenthesis.  Then when I try to use NewVariable:=lookup(Result,Y,Z) it says error because "Result" is an array and needs to be a scalar.

### RE: vlookup returns a vector - need a scalar

2
Greg's method is correct.

Result:lookup(X,Y,Z)

Will always give you a matrix (as you pointed out).  If there is only one match it is still a matrix (1x1), if there is more then one match then you will get a nx1 matrix.  The way to end up with a scalar in your case is:

Result:lookup(X,Y,Z)[0

Assuming the origin is zero.  The [0 selects the first element of the matrix for the result, which is a scalar.  If your origin is 1, then replace that with [1.

Peter

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