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Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?
2

Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

(OP)
jproj,

I appreciated your input on my last thread maybe
you can explain this one as well.

Wayne E. Lovison
service-parts@naglepumps.com

RE: Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

Wayne:

The anode and cathode are just components of a galvanic cell.  Check this site out:

http://www.chemistry.uvic.ca/chem091/chap18sum.htm

In this example, the zinc plate is the anode and the copper plate is the cathode.

Let me know if you need more info.

Good luck!

jproj

RE: Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

(OP)
jproj,

Thanks again. I will have to review this to get a handle on it.  I pulled down the site you gave me and I'm sure I will see your point.

Wayne E. Lovison
service-parts@naglepumps.com

RE: Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

Wayne:

I was mainly refering to the website for the picture of the galvanic cell.  Here are some other pictures of galvanic cells (note the anode and cathode):







Let me know if you have any other questions.

jproj

RE: Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

(OP)
jporj,

You've out done yourself.  Nice Job.  I take it that in order to a have galvanic reaction or occurrence one or more incompatible materials must be present to cause a reaction such as we've discussed.  Like materials are not affected where as others being more noble or less noble would start the process.

Is it common to see sacrificial components being used to protect other parts?  Would salt water be a good case for this sacrificial element?

Is a galvanic corrosion an oversite missed by the systems process engineer or does it occur from some field modification or material substitution?  Where is galvanic corrosion normally found and is it done on purpose by any reason?

Wayne E. Lovison
service-parts@naglepumps.com

RE: Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

Wayne:  

I work in equipment design (mainly boiler feedwater components) and ocasionally see customer specifications requiring sacrificial andode to protect other (vital) components.  

As you have noticed, salt water and aluminum do not mix well.  Aluminum has a protective oxide layer that generally protects the metal from further corrosion.  Chlorine ions (Cl-) from salt water (NaCl) can penetrate this protective oxide layer and promote corrosion of the underlying metal. (I read somewhere that San Fransisco doesn't use aluminum light poles for this reason).

It seams like you should use a different material (Stainless Steel if that is working in other installations.) I would also caution that stainless steel is susceptable to corrosion from chlorine as well.

I basically design equipment in contact with water or steam with a low oxygen presence and normally don't have much dealing with corrosion design.  Material selection is an important part of any piece of equipment, though, and should be taken care of in the design phase.  Field modification is often done without complete knowlege of the design (i.e. why certain things were specified the way they were)and leads to problems.

The most recognizable instance of galvanic corrosion is in a battery.  There are other instances where galvanic corrosion takes place that are both good (on purpose) and bad.  Using a sacrificial anode to protect a vital component is an example of a purposeful use of galvanic corrosion.  I'm sure you can think of plenty bad cases.

Hope this helps!

jproj

RE: Is Galvanic Corrosion related to Cathode & Anode Corrosion?

Frequently zinc is used as a sacrifical anode for ships. They can be quite large, in fact.
For your situation, get a copy of the electrovalant chart and select an appropriate material to protect your substrate.

Crashj 'just like a battery' Johnson

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