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Phase shift transformers

Phase shift transformers

Phase shift transformers

Why are phase shift transformers used in relaying especifically in substation transmission levels?

RE: Phase shift transformers

Interposing voltage or current transformers can be used to compensate for phase shift when the measurement point has a phase shift relative to the reference point.
An example of this could be the synchronizing circuit of a unit connected generator - in this case, PTs on the LV side of the unit transformer can be compared against PTs on the HV bus - you would need to compensate for the transformer phase shift in this case.

RE: Phase shift transformers

In regional transmission systems, there are many generators and loads and typically a numder of loops in the interconnected system that provide multiple paths for power flow.

“A phase shifting transformer is a device which, when connected to a transmission line, is capable of altering the effective phase-angle difference between the two ends of the line.  Since power flow over a transmission line is closely related to the phase-angle difference between the line ends, phase shifting transformers allow the flow of power across a line to be adjusted.”  [From:  http://www.psc.state.wi.us/writings/papers/energy/elecrel/download/transrpt.doc ]

RE: Phase shift transformers

Hey Busbar-- The question was about RELAYING, you blockhead!

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