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Dear Friends,
Can any one tell me about a function which receives a dynamic array(multi dimensional) and returns also an array(multi dimensional) . I tries to use VARIANT but could not be successful.
Dim Ans() as Double, InputArray() as Double

Dim Ans()=ArrayFunct(InputArray())

Function ArrayFunct (ReceiveingArray()) as double ()
Dim IntermediateArray() as double
ArrayFunct = IntermediateArray
End Function

The above is the example of my problem.
Can anyone give solution


Dim Ans()=ArrayFunct(InputArray())
This is not syntactically correct.  You cannot call a function inside of a dim statement.  Nor will the Redim statment work in this construct either.  However, you may be able to do the following, as you've assigned some dimentions to InputArray
Ans = ArrayFunct(InputArray)

Inside your function, it will be necessary to assign dimensions to IntermediateArray before you can use it as a return value.

To provide examples, and/or suggestion to help you get the job done, it would helpful to know what the job is.


While you are using dynamic arrays be carefull with using ReDim statment. This statment always clear all your array. To keep your array use following. The following code show how to increase your array with protecting all array data.

'ReDim Preserve MyArray(UBound(MyArray)+1)'



Let me put my problem once again. I am programming a problem requiring matric operation. the size of matrix is not known and size of output matrix is also not known. So it will be like

Dim InputMatrix() as double
Dim Output() as double

Sub Main()
Dim NOE as integer
'Determination of a variable NOE
ReDim InputMatrix(NOE, NOE) as double
'Now matrix operation function is called as
End Sub

Function MatrixFunction(ABC as variant) as Double()
'Now the result of this function will depend upon
'the size of input matrix or ABC variant
' I tried this
Dim NOS as integer
Redim IntermediateMat(NOS,NOS,NOS)
'Calculation of intermediateMat
'Now the problem is how to assign this intermediateMat
'as the result of this function

End Function


Not sure about using a Function but you can certainly have a sub with an input and an output array, eg this works

Private Sub Command1_Click()
Dim ABC(), DEF() As Double
ReDim ABC(3, 4)
MatrixFunction ABC(), DEF()
Debug.Print ABC(UBound(DEF, 1), UBound(DEF, 2))
End Sub

Sub MatrixFunction(ABC() As Variant, DEF() As Double)
ReDim DEF(UBound(ABC, 1), UBound(ABC, 2))
End Sub


A function should be able to handle it. Try something like this:


Private Function MatrixFunction(ByVal incoming As Variant) As Double()

  Dim temp() As Double
  Dim j As Integer
  Dim k As Integer
  Dim size As Integer
  size = UBound(incoming, 1)
  ReDim temp(size, size)
  For j = 0 To size
    For k = 0 To size
      'example calculation: add 2 to each element
      temp(j, k) = incoming(j, k) + 2
    Next k
  Next j
  MatrixFunction = temp

End Function

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