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Hardness not up to spec

Hardness not up to spec

Hardness not up to spec

I received some material and checked the harness of it.  It is 4130 annealed, which from what I can tell is suppose to be 82 HRB.  It checks out to be 64 HRB. Is this with in spec?  what should I do with this?

RE: Hardness not up to spec

If you ordered it to a certain specification, typically the specification will give you a range of hardness values that are acceptable.  There should also be tolerances specified in the specification or a referenced specification.

RE: Hardness not up to spec

the specs were not given to the supplier, he gave them to me, I told him I needed 4130 condition A.  The spec is AMS 6350H 2301G ASTM A506.  I found the ASTM A506 report, but don't know where to find the other reports.  That's my dilema, I can not find what those tolerances are.

RE: Hardness not up to spec

According to SAE standard J1397 "Estimated Mechanical Properties and Machinability of Steel Bars" your 4130 should have a hardness of 187 to 229 HB.  That is 90.7 to 98 HRB. I think if the hardness of your sample is 62HRB you might have the wrong material or it is badly decarburised.

RE: Hardness not up to spec

I agree with gdodd.  I reviewed AMS 6350 and it only specifies a maximum hardness in the annealed condition....no minimum -- though the value you have does seem low for 4130 Cond A. Have the steel chemistry checked by the supplier.

RE: Hardness not up to spec

;You don't say how big the piece is.  If it is a forging or large rolled section, decarburization could be the problem. Annealing at high temperature for a long time can do it too. Try grinding deeper and take another test. There are minimum stock removal tolerances on Hot Rolled Bars for this reason.

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