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Ac1 temperature calculation

Ac1 temperature calculation

Ac1 temperature calculation

Does anyone have an equation to calculate the Ac1/Ac3 temperature for steel from its chemistry?  I am more interested in the Ac1.  Any information you have would be helpful.  

Thank you.

RE: Ac1 temperature calculation

i am also looking for the same. in case u get a lead kindly pass it on.

RE: Ac1 temperature calculation

This information comes from G. Krauss in Steels: Heat Treatment and Processing Principles (an excellent book).  Krauss got the equations from KW Andrews, Empirical Formaulae for the Calculation of Some Transformation Temperatures, JISI, Vol 203, 1965, p721-727:

Ac3=910 - 203(C)^.5 - 15.2Ni + 44.7Si + 104V + 31.5Mo + 13.1W

Ac1=723 - 10.7Mn - 16.9Ni + 29.1Si + 16.9Cr + 290As + 6.38W

This gives you the temperature in deg C, when you enter in the weight percent of the element. I found that these equations work well for most alloys.  When you get into large amounts of chromium (>> 1 wt%), they fail, giving an Ac3<Ac1.


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