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Race Car End Plate-cutout vs full

Race Car End Plate-cutout vs full

Race Car End Plate-cutout vs full

(OP)
I understand the reason for running end plates, both for preventing spillage and for reducing vortex effect.  However, I have started seeing some cars run a cutout end plate, as shown (hopefully).  The leading edge has a full hieght end plate, but it has a spill plate towards the trailing edge.  If you need less downforce/drag, why not just run a small plate all the way, and cut down on the frontal area?

[img]http://www.metricchemical.com/endplate.jpg[/img]

RE: Race Car End Plate-cutout vs full

As a graduate AE - not an authority on this subject, I have two observations. The image appears to have three rivets across the median of the end plate, so maybe the area above and below this line has been balanced to minimize the torque-effect of having one side much larger than the other. This is a mechanical issue.

Also, remember the top part of the wing contributes about half of the downforce - the vacuum created below the wing isn't affected by the cutout shown, so the effect of "spilling" a little high pressure from the top side is minimal. Leaking the flow in this manner might have a dampening effect and could reduce vibration, thereby reducing stress, thereby allowing a lighter construction (a speculation).

RE: Race Car End Plate-cutout vs full

The answer to your question is to be found on p. 62 of the latest RACE TECH magazine, No. 49.  In short, the only time downforce is of interest in a race car is when it is turning and pulling high lateral G-forces.  This results in a yaw of 6-8° depending on the tires and other factors.  Solid endplates, in yaw, will blank off the critical inter-element gap between the main wing and the "flaps" (1 to 3 additional elements).  This will stall a part of the wing, depriving the car of significant downforce just when it is needed most.  This notch on the upwind side provides more additional lift than the same notch loses by spillage on the downwind side.  A quick look at the pressure distribution around a typical airfoil shows that far more than half of the lift is developed on the underside of an inverted wing.

RE: Race Car End Plate-cutout vs full

Paul6

Is there a formular or percentage of "notch" as I'm looking at a wing for this application at the moment.

If possibe a scan of the article you mention would be very much appreciated, as w don't get it here in NZ.
Please send it via the llink for my address.

Cheers Dean

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