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MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

Does anyone have a good comparison experience for use of Medium Voltage Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear? I have mostly experience with AIS so was looking for any input from experience with both to specifically evaluate areas of initial cost, safety, and ease of maintenance.

I'm working with a customer to develop standard design for MV switchgear with part of the evaluation being AIS vs GIS for 34.5kV levels.

One other consideration is that main feed to switchgear will be from secondary of transformer at 34.5kV. We are also evaluating use of Non-Seg bus duct vs (6) runs of 750MCM for this connection. Interested in thoughts of bus-duct vs cable int his application and practicality with GIS vs AIS. (I'm pretty certain GIS would have to be cable)

RE: MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

MV (Medium Voltage) Air Insulated Switchgear and MV Gas Insulated Switchgear are two types of electrical switchgear used for medium voltage power distribution systems. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice between the two depends on the specific requirements of the application.

MV Air Insulated Switchgear:

Lower initial cost
Lower maintenance costs
Simpler design and easier to install
Easier to access for maintenance and repair
More environmentally friendly

Takes up more space
Higher risk of electrical arcs and fires
Requires proper ventilation
MV Gas Insulated Switchgear:

Smaller size, takes up less space
Higher reliability and longer lifespan
Lower risk of electrical arcs and fires
Requires less maintenance

Higher initial cost
More complex design and harder to install
Access to components for maintenance and repair is more difficult
Requires specialized training to install and maintain
It uses a gas that can be environmentally harmful if not handled properly
Ultimately, the choice between MV Air Insulated Switchgear and MV Gas Insulated Switchgear depends on each application's specific requirements and conditions, including the available space, budget, safety concerns, and maintenance requirements.


RE: MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

SF6 gas being GHG and highly harmful to environment, Why does anyone go in for GIS when options are available?
There is AIS with VCB option and then, there is Solid Insulation Switchgear (SIS) option that is available in case of space constraint.
Between cables and busduct, cable is best option as Air Insulated Busducts at 33kV level will be quite bulky.

RE: MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

There are several factors to consider when comparing Medium Voltage Air Insulated Switchgear (AIS) and Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS). Here are some of the key differences to consider:

Initial Cost:

  • AIS is typically more economical upfront compared to GIS, due to its simpler design and lower manufacturing costs.
  • GIS is more expensive due to its more complex design, which includes the metal enclosed gas tank, the gas and the additional insulation components.

  • AIS has a larger footprint and requires more space for installation compared to GIS, which can be a safety concern in some applications.
  • GIS has a compact design, reducing the risk of physical injury and damage to equipment, but it also requires more maintenance and regular checks to ensure the gas pressure is stable.
Ease of Maintenance:

  • AIS is easier to maintain and repair compared to GIS, due to its simple design and the easy access to components.
  • GIS requires more maintenance and specialized technicians, as the gas pressure and insulation components must be regularly monitored and checked.
Bus-duct vs Cable:

  • The choice between bus-duct and cable is largely a matter of personal preference, as both have their own advantages and disadvantages.
  • Bus-duct is generally easier to install and maintain, but it is more expensive compared to cable. Cable, on the other hand, is cheaper but more difficult to install and maintain.
Regarding the use of GIS with bus-duct vs cable, it is generally recommended to use cable due to the high insulation levels and small size of GIS. However, the choice will depend on the specific requirements and constraints of the project.

In summary, AIS is more economical and easier to maintain, but GIS is safer and more compact. The choice between AIS and GIS will largely depend on the specific requirements and constraints of the project.

RE: MV Air Insulated vs Gas Insulated Switchgear

I'm not a sparky... but one of the advantages is the size of the equipment. I think GIS can be smaller and can be placed closer together. Buildings containing GIS can generally be smaller. On the downside, I think a lot of GIS uses (or used to use) CFC and many of the equipment parts are subject to leaking.

So strange to see the singularity approaching while the entire planet is rapidly turning into a hellscape. -John Coates


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