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GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

(OP)
I have a bolt going through 3 composite layers loaded in double shear. I need to know the GFRP tear out strength and bearing strength to verify the integrity. Does anyone have any advice/applicable standards to calculate bearing strength and/or tear out strength? How does this usually relate to tensile strength etc.? higher, lower?

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

Short answer: you can’t calculate those strengths; need specific joint test data.

Neither is related to tensile strength. Tear out is a shear failure mode. Bearing is sort of a complicated compression failure mode.

Design with large edge margin (e/D = 3+) and you are unlikely to fail in tear out before bearing.

Bearing strength in double shear is usually greater than laminate compression strength.

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

(OP)
Thanks for all your responses SW composites.

Apologies for the double posting - new to the forum and wasnt sur on the rules!

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

If it's a single pin joint with composite lugs, strongly recommend test validation. Consider that in metallic pin hoints, sizing methods are usually empirical (eg melcon, cozzone, hoblit) given the complexity of stress state and failure modes. You're adding to this the complexity of composite mayerial failure modes.
Also watch your pin diameter selection, might be a little more susceptible to pin bending failure than a metallic joint, that said being gfrp the laminate is by far likely to be critical.
In metals Ftu can be a conservative preliminary estimate of Fbru, however I wouldnt advise that as a general approach for composites.

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

(OP)
Hi Ng2020. If i understand you correctly - your opinion is that the composite being GFRP, its likely to be quite strong compared to the pin? The pin goes through very thick sections of composite. Two outers being 60mm and the inner bein 80mm.

Apologies for my ignorance - composites are a new area for me in terms of structural engineering.

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

Actually I was initially assuming that your laminates would be quite thin and probably less capable than the pin. However those are quite substantial. Make sure you do a pin bending check to ensure you choose the right pin size and material. Keep it simple and choose a conservative moment arm: the laminate will be quite soft so you would be best to conservatively assume a uniform load diatribution through the thickness of the laminate.
I think there's a reasonable example (though nore complex) for a metallic pin joint in the USAF stress manual (google it)

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

Please pist a sketch of your joint for clarity. I've seen some of your other posts and now I'm confused about the configuration you're talking about.

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

(OP)


Please note the 3 layers/plates are all different sections of GFRP in which the outer and inner layer are connected to one component and the middle layer is connected to another so the bonding between sections is prone to debonding when the outer and inners are pulled relative to the centre layer.

RE: GFRP Composite Tear Out and Bearing Strength?

That pin looks way too skinny for those thicknesses.

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