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# Calculateing max pressure in rudder actuateing hyd. System

## Calculateing max pressure in rudder actuateing hyd. System

(OP)

How to find max pressure of hydraulic cylnder which is actuateing the ships rudder if my rudder surface is as seen from picture.

Firstly,

I found on online calculator and tried to calculate the stalling drag for ruder at 35 degrees and it gave me that force of drag is 521N.

Can you tell me if I am doing something incorectly in my calculations...

In drag force calculator i used foloving:

Density of 1030 kg/m3 (seawater)

Area of 0.2 m2 since my rudder is balanced and one side cancels another

Drag coeficient of 0.6 since I found that hydrofoil has stall drag coeficient of 0.6 at 35°

6.5miles is cruiseing speed of my boat
A

Considering that this drag is made from 15-20cm(17.5cm approx) off the main shaft of rudder. It is makeing 521N x 0.175m = 91Nm of torque on shaft at maximum ruder angle.

On the other hand rudder is actuated with cylnder as on atached picture.
It is attached to rudder shaft over 15cm
Tiller arm.

By my calculation it would mean that force on cylnder is 606N at max obtainable rudder angle- what is actually max pressure possible to reach in system.

I need to find a way to calculate max pressure in order to corectly chose my cylnder as explained in topic before.

As seen in topic before, I would like to chose the cylnder for rudder in such way that I get 4kg/m at sterring pump shaft at max pressure in the system.

Thanks.
Please corrext me if I did mistakes a long the way

### RE: Calculateing max pressure in rudder actuateing hyd. System

The geometry of your cylinder to rudder attachment isn't clear from the pictures. This is an important factor as the leverage against the rudder by the cylinder changes based on rudder angle. Larger systems use a Rapson's Slide to equalize the pressures amidships vs. hard over. On smaller vessels it's usually not difficult to generate the sufficient forces even with poor geometry. Vane type actuators are becoming very common nowadays, they maintain a constant mechanical advantage over the entire range of motion. Depending on your application there will be a minimum time from stop to stop for the rudder, I think it's 20 seconds.

### RE: Calculateing max pressure in rudder actuateing hyd. System

(OP)
Here is a picture of connection...

Tiller arm is in offset to rudder blade by 90°

(In picture it looks more but rudder blade is not in middle position)

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