## waseem19: I almost forgot. The

## waseem19: I almost forgot. The

(OP)

waseem19:

I almost forgot. The effective flow area is Cd*A, where A is the actual, full open flow area.

I almost forgot. The effective flow area is Cd*A, where A is the actual, full open flow area.

## RE: waseem19: I almost forgot. The

tau= ((Cdi)(Ai))/((Cdfo)*(Afo)) , varies from 1( fully open) to 0 fully closed)

Cdi : Cd at a certain valve area ,

Ai : Area of valve at certain time,

Cdfo : Cd for fully open valve

Afo : area for fully open valve ,

so Ai is the effective area at a cetain time ,and it is independent of Cdi . there should be some tables that gives effective area Vs rotation angle for disk, or disk travel, or whatever valve motion is. Cd as i understand it is to tell how much of the head is converted into velocity ,so if all your dp is converted into velocity Cd=1 ,but this is an ideal situation,and cd values are always less than 1.

plz correct me if i'm wrong , i can't be 100% sure of what i'v said untill i understand everything else about valve theory 100% and i'm a bit far at the moment.

## RE: waseem19: I almost forgot. The

What you said about Cd seems correct. As the valve is closing, the flow area is reduced and the head loss increases.

Often times, you know neither the Ai or the Cdi, but you do know the product Cdi*Ai. So, we usually hold the area constant at its full open value then simply change the value of Cd (according to the correlation from my previous post) to represent both the decrease in area and the increased head loss. Then, the flow can be calcualted as,

Q = Cd*Afo*sqrt(2P/rho)

In this equation, you can say Cd*Afo = Cdi*Afi

I usually refer to the product Cd*Afo as the effective flow area.

In any case, I typically use the product Cd*Afo and am not interesed in the Cd or Afo by themselves. Is it important in your application to know each individual quantity or is it sufficient to know the product only?

Going back to your equation for Tau:

Tau = (Cdi*Ai/(Cdfo*Afo)

substitute Cd*Afo for Cdi*Ai and you get,

Tau = Cd*Afo/(Cdfo*Afo) = Cd/Cdf0

As defined in my previous post, Cd varies linearly as a fucntion of Cv. This implies that Tau can also be written in terms of the Cv:

Tau = Cvi/Cvfo

I hope this is helping and not making things more confusing. Please write back and let me know.

Tremolo.