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Basic question (highway horizontal curves)

Basic question (highway horizontal curves)

Basic question (highway horizontal curves)

(OP)
It's always been convention that the stationing from the beginning of a horizontal curve to the point of intersection is equal to the tangent, and the stationing between the beginning of the horizontal curve to the end of the curve is equal to the length of the curve. I've been just accepting it because that what the book says, but how does it make sense? How would it be mapped out in real life? I would think that we need to station from the tangent or station from the curve, but why then do stations work like I described? Thanks.

RE: Basic question (highway horizontal curves)

Roads are typically staked ("mapped out in real life") along the centerline or at a designated offset from centerline.

RE: Basic question (highway horizontal curves)

So I think there's a discrepancy between what you're seeing in a text and the rigorous definition of the stationing convention. Stationing starts at a point of beginning (POB), then follows the alignment through the series of curves etc increasing along the distance of the line. So for a given curve, the minimum value would be at the point of curve (PC), maximum at point of tangency (PT), with the Point of Intersection at some intermediate value (that isn't half) of the station at the PT.

So hypothetically, for a curve with a start station of 1+00, and length of 100 feet, the PT would be at Sta 2+00. However, the tangent distance (T) is proportional to the radius and Delta angle (T=R*tan(Delta/2))

Seeing this applied to a hypothetical problem.
Radius = 1909.86'
Degree of curve: 3^00'00"
Tangent length: 422.24
Delta = 24^56'
Assume PI at Sta 568+24.33
Find PC and PT stations

L_c = Delta/Degree of curve * 100 = 831.11 feet
PC = PI- Tangent = (568+24.33) -(4+22.24) = 564+02.09
PT = PC + L_c = (564+02.09) + (8+31.11) = 572+33.20

(From the CDOT Survey Manual Chapter 8 at https://www.codot.gov/business/manuals/survey/chap...)

-----------------------------
Chris Enright
PE, Colorado
Roads and Trains

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