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10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

Dear All experts,
we have 10 MW 6600 volt synchronous generator, Lube oil was leaking inside the generator from DE bearing which cause a dirty winding as the attached photo.
we make megger test (5 KVdc - 1 min )all readings was good and more than 2G ohm.
I am wondering ,what is the effect of operating the generator in this case ?
How can we clean without dismantling the generator ? We do not have the ability to pull up the rotor shaft from the stator.
which solvent we can use ?
thanks in advance

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

Oil is a fire hazard. Mop up oil and wipe with lint free soft cloth. I don't recommend any cleaning liquids, solvents etc.


RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

Itsmoked taught me this. Thanks Keith.

"Why not the best?"
Jimmy Carter

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

That's a poorly formed winding with a lousy workmanship.


RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

2016 NFPA 70B Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance (2019 is published, I have not seen it yet - I suspect little difference in this area)
Chapter 25, Rotating Equipment recommends using a cleaning solvent.

Alstrom generator maintenance manual recommends using "white spirit" (Yep, turpentine - paint thinner). And don't let the solvent soak into the windings.

Most of the techs I work with like CRC Electro-Clean. After a wipe down (as recommended by Edison and Bill, they will get a case of the CRC, spray, wipe, meg after dried.

Considering the capital investment was $10M - $20M, I highly recommend getting out the mfg maintenance manual and following their recommended procedure - really, that first.

All the maintenance specs say oil contamination degrades the insulation. It needs to be cleaned up.

Personal opinion:
As said, wipe up all you can.
Spray solvent and wipe the rest.
Thoroughly dry and meg before putting into service

the worm

Harmless flakes working together can unleash an avalanche of destruction

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

I had recalled you discussing a large gen.

Was this one the one that was rewound in 2016?

Harmless flakes working together can unleash an avalanche of destruction

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

If the photograph reflects the dirtiest portion of the stator winding,
then it is not really that dirty when compared with how bad it could be.
If globs of debris obstructed the voids between the form wound coils,
then yes... the dirt would be prohibiting free air flow.

Because it's not possible to take the motor out of service for proper cleaning,
the first one can do is as edison123 suggests. Mop up, wipe off, CLEAN off
debris as best as can be accomplished.

It's going to take a LOT of clean rags that will become dirty real fast.
And as other's have suggested, it's not a good idea to use any solvents or liquid(s)
of any kind... because there is no adequate means of thoroughly drying out the winding after getting it wet.

CRC Electro-Clean could certainly be used as suggested by iceworm.
You'll need a couple three cases of it however to get you started based on how
dirty the winding appears to be.

If the apparatus was removed for cleaning... then of course any of the typical
cleaning methods using old fashioned soap and water applied under moderate
pressure... then dried out... and cleaned again if need be... and dried out once again
would be the usual cleaning steps.

Ice blasting would be another approach... but confirmation that the process is not leaving
moisture in hidden voids would have to be determined.

A lot of CLEAN rags. A lot of WIPING off the debris. Cases of CRC Electro-Clean
(or equivalent ; )
And, a plan on when the machine can be scheduled for proper cleaning.


RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning


Oil is a fire hazard.
I can't argue with that, although the flash point is typically a relatively high temperature if I recall correctly.

I'm curious - have you ever heard of an oil motor winding catching fire?

(2B)+(2B)' ?

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

Flash point is not relevant when there is a wick involved (i.e. paraffin wax candle. Dirt and dust soaked with oil are very flammable). Some oils, such as linseed oil, oxidize at room temperature and this can lead to spontaneous combustion.

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning


When the winding flashes over, oil/grease flash points are easily achieved.

Unattended accumulated oil from the engine caused this fire damage in a DG alternator stator.

With collateral damages to the rotor and exciter.

Sorry about the white spaces, don't know how to fix it.


RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

thanks iceworm,yes this the one

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

thanks edison123 for your these recommendations "Mop up oil and wipe with lint free soft cloth. I don't recommend any cleaning liquids, solvents etc.", i prefer this but some oil inside the air gap and its hard to reach it.
manufacture manual" Oil and grease are not harmful to insulation but they do accumulate dust. Remove oil
or grease with a cloth moistened, but not dripping, with a safety type, commercial
cleaning solvent. "
i am seeking for suitable solvent and not effeect on winding insulation

RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

If at all you want to use any 'solvent', I suggest white spirit which does least damage to the insulation.

Dab a small amount of white spirit on the soft cloth and wipe away those hard to reach points with a stick. Good luck with that. banghead

The cloth should not be dripping with the solvent. Otherwise, you will simply wash down that hard to reach dirt making it a harder to reach dirt.


RE: 10 MW synchronous generator cleaning

Thanks compositepro and edison - good points.

It does strike me that there are many many oily motors in plants and repair shops that aren't generally considered as fire hazards (I admit that's a vague term). Maybe they should be.

(2B)+(2B)' ?

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