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Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

(OP)
Hi All,
I have a client who wants to build a one storey small cottage near to a lake. I did geo investigation and encountered loose/very loose saturated sand up to more than 4 m.
what would be the most cost effective foundation for this light structure? I was thinking of helical piles but would rather to see if there is any cheaper option.
Thanks for your replies

RE: Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

I assume this sand is relatively clean. If there is freezing weather it won't heave then. So, I'd go for a floating slab. Reinforce with welded wire grids. Thickened edge helps for keeping wood members up from wet conditions. Grade can be built up if needed. Compaction of saturated sand can be done, but vibrators may not work well due to temporary loss of support from vibrating rollers, etc. Placing on a closed cell foam insulation will make for a more comfortable interior. Likely no settlement of consequence will occur.

RE: Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

(OP)
Thanks oldestguy, the sand is silty and the frost depth is 1.2 m. what would you suggest in this condition?

RE: Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

What percent silt? Also what does one see in winter for heaved roads, uneven walkways, etc. Also, SPT readings of saturated sands can be very misleading. If you have serious frost heaving, maybe still use a slab with 3" Styrofoam under it, but also extend that insulation out all the way around at a depth of 0.2 M. I'd go out a full width of the insulation board (one meter+?). By the way, for saturated soil, my bet is your frozen depth is much less than the 1.2M. Heat of fusion helps a lot. No lake there has 1.2 M of ice.

RE: Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

(OP)
Thanks Oldestguy, that insulation sounds a great idea. what do you mean when you say SPT is misleading in saturated sand, is it towards over estimation or under estimation, or both?
Thanks

RE: Cost effective foundation option on saturated loose sand

In my experience I have seen blow count drop as the boring enters saturated clean sand, yet actual density (dry) has not changed.

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