×
INTELLIGENT WORK FORUMS
FOR ENGINEERING PROFESSIONALS

Are you an
Engineering professional?
Join Eng-Tips Forums!
• Talk With Other Members
• Be Notified Of Responses
• Keyword Search
Favorite Forums
• Automated Signatures
• Best Of All, It's Free!

*Eng-Tips's functionality depends on members receiving e-mail. By joining you are opting in to receive e-mail.

#### Posting Guidelines

Promoting, selling, recruiting, coursework and thesis posting is forbidden.

# How to study this structure

## How to study this structure

(OP)
hi.
i would to obtain reaction for this structure:
i wish to obtain reactions also in the upper part joints, how can i do this?

### RE: How to study this structure

How are the members connected at the intersection... you likely have to use rigid connections. Can you introduce a vertical element?

Dik

### RE: How to study this structure

(OP)
there are free-rotating joint in the upper part.
vertical element in what way?

### RE: How to study this structure

gtsolid,

You show both reactions on the bottom as fixed. This makes your structure statically indeterminate. Are your beams connected at the "X"? You need to account for bending of your structure. This is not straight tension and compression.

--
JHG

### RE: How to study this structure

look at the top 1/2 of the structure; make a FBD of it. This should tell you that the two inclined members are in bending; not the end of the world, and not inconsistent with a pin joint between them (where they cross).

The structure is, as noted above, indeterminate with the two fixed supports. Two pinned joints are also indeterminate (although this greatly simplifies the structure to a "simple" three force member, but there are still an infinite set of solutions. One pinned and one roller joint is determinate (now simply a beam with an overhang point load).

now, of course, there are simple solutions (ie treat the problem as an overhanging beam) but this doesn't match the problem as shown. In the simple solution, the moment at the joint is reacted as a couple at the two reaction points. Adding reaction moments changes the couple; adding equal and opposite lateral reactions (allowed by the supports as shown) also compounds the solution (or confounds the solver).

### RE: How to study this structure

Please state which course this is for, so that we can predict what level of solution is required...

-handleman, CSWP (The new, easy test)

### RE: How to study this structure

Drawing to scale? Dimensions needed to examine the reactions shown...

### RE: How to study this structure

Two questions:
1 - Is this a scissor lift? You need more definition of joints and loads.
2 - Are we going to do this gentleman's homework for him?

### RE: How to study this structure

(OP)
this is a scissor lift, yes. The point is that at university we never studied this kind of structure. only single beam.
in the upper part i think this is a better scheme:
There is a ball screw who governs the extension in the lower support at left.

### RE: How to study this structure

gtsolid, In your original post you asked for help with the reactions in the upper member. Then you said that you have only studied reactions in single beams. I think your professor is teaching you a very valuable lesson - how to see applications for what you know in the real world. He confused you by adding a lot of extra information you don't need. (They love to do that to teach you to look for what you need to know and ignore the rest.) The upper member is a single beam, supported at two points and loaded at a third. The rest of the picture makes no difference. If the upper beam and all its support points and its load are all defined, you've got all you need.

### RE: How to study this structure

(OP)
I have 18 dof, this because i have 3 beams, each with 6dof.
Every simple joint removes 2 dof (2n-1 where n is the number of beam linked by the joint).
In the bottom parte i have a pin support in the right, removing 2 dof, and a roller in the left side, so another dof is going away. How can i remove the others?
i would to find the force i have to apply in the roller to keep the structure stopped

### RE: How to study this structure

gtsolid,

The pinned joint on top next to your load, must slide, for a scissor lift to work.

Your frame now is statically determinate, and easily solved. Your three frame pieces are cantilever beams, also, easily solved.

--
JHG

### RE: How to study this structure

ok, sounds less like school work, and the sketch is better.

first, there are lots of threads on scissor lifts, try reading them to get ideas.

second, review free body diagrams, then see how to apply them to the problem. some clues ...
1) break the problem into three pieces, the three different members; as well as looking at the structure completely as a free body (ie what ground reactions will react the applied load).
2) consider the top beam. one (the RH one) joint is almost certainly hard located (fixed in position, at the end of the beam) but the LH will slide along the beam. this is not quite as you've shown. this has implications for the reactions on the LH support.
3) the top beam will solve without moments at the supports. It is hard to see how a practical structure would have moments (I'd expect to see pins at these locations).
4) then consider each arm as a free body. Start with the one with the actuator load applied. You have to determine the load at the middle joint, that passes from one inclined member to the other. I think you know the other loads on this member.

third, an important detail ... you mention the actuator, Does it attach to the opposite leg or to the ground ? If the ground, the problem just became indeterminate again (maybe) ! Though you may be able to figure the actuator load from the work done.

### RE: How to study this structure

(OP)
Solving the upper beam i obtain this:
but the result is not consistent. How can i take into account the central pin?

### RE: How to study this structure

where is the actuator load ? without the actuator you don't have a structure. what's holding the inclined members at their angle ? you can build a model of this and see for yourself.

Why is the solution "no good" ? Does this mean the two members as individuals don't balance ? because you haven't included the load transferred between them at the pivot. and because you don't have the actuator force keeping the inclined members in position.

Your solution assumes that the inclined members pivot about their mid-point, which may be correct but doesn't have to be.

### RE: How to study this structure

In your top diagram, the top pin to the left will have to be a horizontal slide/roller connection to allow the "X" to translate laterally at the top.

Otherwise the scissor effect will not work.

Also, "P" will have to have a non-zero value, otherwise no lifting will occur.

Mike McCann, PE, SE (WA)

### RE: How to study this structure

This thread is an example of why student posting is not allowed on eng-tips.

### RE: How to study this structure

(OP)
i'm not a student but i never saw a framework at university, only beams.
"P" is the force that statically hold the frame fixed, so it is the actuator. it is the unknown

### RE: How to study this structure

gtsolid,

Go back and visualize your structure, then draw a free body diagram. As rb1957 notes, your actuator is part of your structure. Include it in your diagram. If the forces on your two "X" beams are not directly in line with the beams, then you have to analyze for bending. This should not (significantly) affect the forces from your statics analysis.

--
JHG

### RE: How to study this structure

there are lots of references for this particular structure, you'll get more from them than posting here (we can be cranky, or just cranks).

consider each piece in isolation as a free body (research that if you don't understand).

consider the structure as a whole as a free body.

together you should get close to a solution.

You've got part of the solution already ... the three members are not the complete structure, it needs something linking the two inclined legs (the actuator) to hold the legs in position (which you can see for yourself with a model or a thought exercise).

#### Red Flag This Post

Please let us know here why this post is inappropriate. Reasons such as off-topic, duplicates, flames, illegal, vulgar, or students posting their homework.

#### Red Flag Submitted

Thank you for helping keep Eng-Tips Forums free from inappropriate posts.
The Eng-Tips staff will check this out and take appropriate action.

Close Box

# Join Eng-Tips® Today!

Join your peers on the Internet's largest technical engineering professional community.
It's easy to join and it's free.

Here's Why Members Love Eng-Tips Forums:

• Talk To Other Members
• Notification Of Responses To Questions
• Favorite Forums One Click Access
• Keyword Search Of All Posts, And More...

Register now while it's still free!