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use of check valve (FSV) as safety device in API 14C

use of check valve (FSV) as safety device in API 14C

use of check valve (FSV) as safety device in API 14C

I am looking into safe design of an offshore heating medium system using combustible heat transfer medium heated in a power generation turbine exhaust duct.
API 14C recommends a single FSV in the heating medium line downstream the Exhaust-Heated Component, to prevent backflow of combustible fluid into the exhaust heater chamber in the event of tube rupture.
In my experience as a process designer in the North Sea, a single FSV is considered to limit backflow only in an operational context. In the safety context I have specified two dissimilar FSVs in series as primary overpressure protection with a PSV as secondary protection. In this case I have further assumed that when a demand is placed on the FSVs, they will leak at a rate corresponding to 10% of the cross sectional area of the pipe in which they are installed.
In my experience as a process support engineer I have never come across a performance standard for regular verification of FSVs, such as would be applied to ESD valves in hydrocarbon service.
So now I am inclined to specify an ESD valve in the heating medium line instead of FSVs, since backflow of heating medium would risk escalation of a fire event in the exhaust heater chamber.
Any comments please folks?

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