I am working on structural repairs at an old (1872) winery, and noted that the exterior walls are wood studs with the voids filled with concrete. (see photo). I am just wondering if anyone can give me background on this type of construction. Was the concrete for thermal mass? Stiffening the walls? On the gable ends it goess all the way up to the roof - and I am a little concerned about the weight of all this concrete on the old wooden structure (some leaning/sideway is evident). And some of the concrete is leaning out of the stud pockets. Can anyone shed light on this type of construction, and thoughts about removing the concrete?
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