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Help with 433Mhz Antenna Location

Help with 433Mhz Antenna Location

Help with 433Mhz Antenna Location

(OP)
Hello,

I have some degree of experience in electronics, buy know very little about RF. I have 2 questions if you experts can help me.

I have on RF transceiver with 10mW output power and this antenna:

http://pt.mouser.com/Search/ProductDetail.aspx?R=ANT-433-MHW-SMA-Svirtualkey59000000virtualkey712-ANT-433-MHWSMAS

I have to glue this antenna on a box that have an alumimium frame around and the front is acrylic. The back of the box is aluminium sheet.

My question is: What is the best place to glue the antenna? Is the aluminium ok? (will act like a reflector) or bad? It is better to glue it in the acrylic?

Second question: If the antenna goes inside the box will loose much signal? I read someware that attenuation could reach 30%.
Box is 1,5 meters by 1 meter x 9cm and the aluminium and acrylic are 3mm tick.


Thank you in advance for any help.
Best regards
Joaquim

RE: Help with 433Mhz Antenna Location

In general, antennas should be kept away from other conductive structures that are not an intentional part of the antenna system. For example, a monopole antenna (e.g. whip) might be designed to be installed onto a metal structure that acts either as a counter poise or as a ground plane.

Dipoles (like your selected antenna) will provide a symmetrical cardioid radiation pattern if they're installed in free space, not affected by nearby conductors.

A metal surface approximately one quarter wavelength (about six inches ?) behind the dipole would act as a reflector increasing signal in the opposite direction.

Your box is more than big enought to possibly be arranged into a corner reflector with quite high gain in one direction. This depends on exactly what side is open.

Acrylic is not a bad dielectric as far as I know.

The best choice depends where you want the signal to go. If you're not sure, then mount it high and clear of other metal.

 

RE: Help with 433Mhz Antenna Location

Your antenna is a dipole, very weak signals off the ends. Everything around it will affect your antenna pattern coverage. Which is not comforting.

You should specify what area you want to cover, such as Omni (in which case you chose the wrong antenna) or forward/aft/upwards. Then you can be guided.

If you need to look in a quadrant, you might want to switch to a patch antenna and place it on a metallized surface. Be careful buying one, I just found a Chinese 433 Mhz patch, said 433 Mhz patch antenna right under the picture, specs says operates at 450-470 Mhz ? damn puzzling.



 

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