## Calculating the distance between 2 points

## Calculating the distance between 2 points

(OP)

I'm much more of a software person, and in general this project is very much software heavy, but built on a hardware idea I'm not very educated on.

I'm looking for the types of available technology out there that can fit this problem.

A system in which a sensor can measure and store the distance of a bunch of receivers as the receivers move around in an area no further than 150 yards from the sensor.

The receivers must be small and basically weightless, but not nano size, just micro size. quarter to dime.

It must be able to work without LOS, but it in an open area, so no walls or anything.

It only has to be "relatively" accurate. Probably within a yard for a pre-alpha version.

For now I don't really care about cost, mostly availability as I'm just scoping things and researching.

I am just looking for technologies and articles about them, basically any pointing in the right direction anyone can offer so I can get better educated. Thanks for any help!

I'm looking for the types of available technology out there that can fit this problem.

A system in which a sensor can measure and store the distance of a bunch of receivers as the receivers move around in an area no further than 150 yards from the sensor.

The receivers must be small and basically weightless, but not nano size, just micro size. quarter to dime.

It must be able to work without LOS, but it in an open area, so no walls or anything.

It only has to be "relatively" accurate. Probably within a yard for a pre-alpha version.

For now I don't really care about cost, mostly availability as I'm just scoping things and researching.

I am just looking for technologies and articles about them, basically any pointing in the right direction anyone can offer so I can get better educated. Thanks for any help!

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

Kinematic GPS-capable receivers can do this real-time.

Higher-end GPS receivers can also do this, but not real-time.

Differential GPS

TTFN

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## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

If the movements happen and then 10 minutes late I have the data that is fine. I just meant it wasn't a stop and wait type thing, the receiver will be constantly moving so the data must be constantly collected while it's happening.

Isn't GPS overkill? Also I thought even with the higher end GPS it was still only within 7 feet or so.

There's nothing local that can do it better/more efficiently?

I'll checkout the Kinematic GPS, Thanks

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

Can you turn the system around so that the mobile units are the transmitters and the receivers are fixed? Your description of the non-realtime nature of the requirements implies that you could. It would probably be easier.

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

Your time scale is awkward, since the postprocessing GPS' I'm thinking of are more like a day.

Real-time differential GPS can achieve positioning better than 1 cm, depending on the brand. There are some differential-capable GPS' that run about $800 each, but require something like a radio-modem to feed the differential corrections from your reference station.

The main advantage of GPS is that much of the infrastructure is already done and debugged for you.

TTFN

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## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

The project is 90% software in processing the desired simple distance data, however, I am a software person and already know how to write most of the algorithms needed.

"Can you turn the system around so that the mobile units are the transmitters and the receivers are fixed? Your description of the non-realtime nature of the requirements implies that you could. It would probably be easier."

Yes, they can be the transmitter.

"Seems to me that the "project" is probably not about developing object locators. But, if you are rolling your own, then it will become a "project" on its own, with its own issues and schedules unrelated to your primary "project.""

Correct I do not want to develop my own transmitter/receivers.

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

Dan - Owner

http://www.Hi-TecDesigns.com

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

So, no, not a school project.

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

And NOBODY wants to spend the money to buy the DGPS or RTK hardware, even though it's still cheaper than building your own system.

TTFN

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## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

You know you're not going to find much when searches for what you want online return a bunch of patents and not a bunch of products.

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

Using satellite really don't fit into this application though.

I'll probably just see what I can do with wi-fi tags for an early version, too big for all aspects of the application, but what can ya do.

I'm surprised there's no simple transmitter-receiver via radio signal hardware pre-existing.

Thanks for the info everyone.

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

That's because it's NOT a simple problem. 1-m positioning accuracy requires about 1-ns time resolution. To propagate that time and have adequate synchronization to the master clock is PRECISELY what the GPS PRN codes are designed for.

RF direction finding for your specific problem requires angular resolution of better than 5 mrad, that requires a 20-inch antenna at 200 GHz, which is 80 times higher than the 2.4 GHz WiFi frequency.

While these guys:http://www.ekahau.com/?id=4999 claim 1-m positioning accuracy, it's not at all clear how they achieve that. Moreover, note the price of the developer kit is $5990, so it's not exactly cheap.

TTFN

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## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points

## RE: Calculating the distance between 2 points