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Pressure Testing of Pumps

Pressure Testing of Pumps

Pressure Testing of Pumps


I'm looking for some guidance as to what standards to look at for the procedure and safety of hydrostatic pressure testing of a triplex pump with an operating pressure of 11200 PSI?

From looking at previous threads people have been discussing ASME B31.1 an BS EN 12162 but without copies of these i am unsure whether this is applicable to my needs.

Any help or guidance would be appreciated.


RE: Pressure Testing of Pumps

Hello Mechmos,
I'm working on the eng.dep. of a slurry pump manufacturer, we also make triplex pumps, however "only" upto 250 bar. Early next week I will see if we have the mentioned standards. I believe we use Hydraulic Institute standards. Nowadays we don't do much of hydro-testing anymore, only the pumps with cast iron liquid end parts (for upto max 70 bar working pressure). Cast steel and forged steel wet ends as well as zeron 100 and titanium are only hydro-tested when required by customer.
Regards, ct140

RE: Pressure Testing of Pumps

Here is the relevant part from ANSI/HI 6.6-1994 Reciprocating Pump tests. This is what we use. We don't have     B31.1, seems not applicable, title is Power Piping. The BS is unknown to me.

6.6.5  Hydrostatic test of pressure-retaining components    Objective
To demonstrate that the pump when subjected to liquid pressure will not leak or fail structurally.
For the purpose of this requirement, "will not leak" means only prevention of escape of liquid through the external surfaces of the pump, normally to atmosphere (see Paragraph    Test parameters
Each part of the pump that contains liquid under pressure shall be capable of withstanding a hydrostatic test at not less than 150% of the pressure that would occur in that part when the pump is operating at rated conditions for the given application of the pump.
Components or assembled pumps — The test shall be conducted on either the liquid-containing components or the assembled pump.
Components — The test shall be conducted on the liquid-containing components such as pump cylinders. Care must be taken not to impose pressure in excess of 150% of design on areas designed for lower pressure operation.
Assembled pump — The test shall be conducted on the entire liquid-containing area of the pump, but care must be taken not to impose pressure in excess of 150% of design on areas such as inlet manifolds.
Test duration — Test pressure shall be main-tained for a sufficiënt period of time to permit complete examination of the parts under pressure. The hydrostatic test shall be considered satisfactory when no leaks or structural failures are observed for a minimum of 3 minutes for pumps 100 horsepower (75 kW) and below, 10 minutes above 100 horsepower (75 kW).
Test liquid — Test liquid shall be water or oil having a maximum viscosity of 150 SSU (32 cen-tistokes) at test temperature.
Temperature — If the part tested is to operate at a temperature at which the strength of material is below the strength of the material at room temperature, the hydrostatic test pressure should be multiplied by a factor obtained by dividing the allowable working stress for the material at room temperature by that at operating temperature. The pressure thus obtained will then be the minimum pressure at which hydrostatic pressure should be performed. The data sheet should list the actual hydrostatic test pressure.    Test procedure
Components to be tested shall have all the openings adequately sealed. Provisions must be made to vent all the air at the highest point on the component. The item shall be filled with the test liquid, pressurized, and the test pressure shall be maintained for the duration of the test. No leakage
through the component tested shall be visible; however, leakage through the stuffing box packing or between valves and seat shall be permitted.    Records
Complete written or computer records shall be kept of all pertinent information and retained on file, available to the user by the test facility for two years. This information should include:
1)    Identification by models, sizes, serial number;
2)    Test liquid;
3)    Maximum allowable pressures and temperature;
4)    Hydrostatic test pressure and test durations.

RE: Pressure Testing of Pumps

The scope of BS EN 12162 (Liquid pumps - Safety Requirements - Procedure for Hydrostatic Testing) is:

"This standard specifies the hydrostatic test procedure to be applied to pressure containing parts of all types of
liquid pumps including any auxiliary equipment making up a pump unit as described in the scope of EN 809:1998,
except :
 domestic water pumps within the scope of EN 60335-2-41:1996 or EN 60335-2-51:1997 ;
 domestic circulation pumps within the scope of EN 1151:1999 ;
 submersible pumps within the scope of prEN 13386:1998 ;
 fire-fighting pumps with primers within the scope of prEN 1028-1:1993 and prEN 1028-2:1993 ;
 pump parts with a maximum allowable working pressure below 0.1 bar.
Requirements are included for applying an hydrostatic test at different pressures to separate zones within a pump
which are subject to different allowable maximum working pressures."


RE: Pressure Testing of Pumps

Thanks for the help!!

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