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set back formula

set back formula

set back formula

how to calculate the set back from the toe of my up slope that has a stability key 15' x 3' at the toe? Formula? cross section?

RE: set back formula


We're going to need a bit more information about your situation before we can help. Be verbose, please.


Jeffrey T. Donville, PE
TTL Associates, Inc.

RE: set back formula

I found out what I needed was to show the zone of influence 45 degree line from the toe of the slope out and show that the pool will not cross that line.

RE: set back formula


45 degrees is too steep.  The foundations for the pool need to be behind a line drawn from the toe of the slope equal to the long term stable slope plus a factor of safety.

For a slope that is composed of granular soil with say a friction angle of 35 degrees the slope angle should be equal to:


where B is the angle of the line drawn from the toe of the slope.

There are other approaches but the 45 degree line that you imagine is what geotechnical engineers generally assume that the vertical stresses shed at beneath a footing.  It has nothing to do with the stability of the slope.

If you have groundwater discharge or clayey soils then a more detailed analysis is required.

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