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Vehicle (lift) load on composite floor

Vehicle (lift) load on composite floor

Vehicle (lift) load on composite floor

I have a 5 1/2" composite floor with 2", 20 ga. composite deck.  My beams are spaced 7'6" oc.

The mason wants to use a 6100 lbs lift (weight of vehicle) to lift a pallet of masonry weighing 2800 lbs.

How do I check the capacity of my floor?

RE: Vehicle (lift) load on composite floor

Assume an appropriate tire patch area.  Distribute load to the tires.  Locate the heavisest load in worst case loacation.  May have to check several locations to verify.  

RE: Vehicle (lift) load on composite floor

Note that fork lifts have different front wheel loads (usually much greater) than rear wheels.
Make sure you give yourself enough time.  This is a messy analysis.  You'll have to check punching shear, bending on the composite slab; move the wheels to create maximum shear, check that; move the heaviest loaded wheels directly over the supporting beams and check them.  Depending on the size of the lifting vehicle, you might get contributions from the back wheels on the beam analysis.
Don't assume anything!  Just because the composite slab seems like the weak link doesn't mean that the beam connections, for example, are adequate.

RE: Vehicle (lift) load on composite floor

Just a reminder that if you are doing this analysis, get all the loads and data in writing from the contractor. People sometimes have short memories on what they did or did not say.

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