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Metal and Metallurgy engineering FAQ

Material Designations

Aluminum Designations by swertel
Posted: 27 Jun 02

From The Science and Engineering of Materials by Donald R. Askeland

Aluminum alloys can be divided into two major groups: wrought and casting alloys.  These groups can be divided into two sub-groups: heat-treatable and nonheat-treatable alloys.

The first number of the designation specifies the principle alloying elements.  The remaining numbers refer to the specific composition.  The temper designation (T or H) refers to heat-Treated or strain-Hardened.  Other designations include annealed (O), solution-treated (W), or as-fabricated (F).  The numbers following the T or H refer to the type of heat treatment or amount of strain hardening.

Wrought Al Alloys:
1xxx Commercially pure (>99% Al)
2xxx Al-Cu and Al-Cu-Li
3xxx Al-Mn
4xxx Al-Si and Al-Mg-Si
5xxx Al-Mg
6xxx Al-Mg-Si
7xxx Al-Mg-Zn
8xxx Al-Li, Sn, Zr, or B

Casting Al Alloys:
1xx Commercially pure Al
2xx Al-Cu
3xx Al-Si-Cu or Al-Mg-Si
4xx Al-Si
5xx Al-Mg
7xx Al-Mg-Zn
8xx Al-Sn

I do not have a good reference at this time that relates the last digits with any specific composition.  If anyone does, please notify me so I can add it to this FAQ.

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