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# A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?62

## A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

(OP)

A recent article says that there will be an acute shortage ... particularly in the electrical field !!!

http://www.csemag.com/single-article/the-coming-en...

Who agrees ???

Who strongly disagrees ???

MJCronin
Sr. Process Engineer

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"Strongly disagree" doesn't begin to cover it.

Mike Halloran
Pembroke Pines, FL, USA

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Maybe in certain fields. Power engineering is seeing a shortage that will only get worse in the next five years. The magnitude of the shortage is grossly over exaggerated though. Salaries are not yet reflecting a true shortage but more years of total experience in each department is dropping as people leaving due to retiring are being replaced with fresh grads.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I probably don't have a great "feel" for the engineering field as a whole, but I would guess the future will be something like this:

People with engineering degrees: No shortage

Experienced engineers with deep and confident knowledge of their field: Few and far between

As a young engineer working for a small town manufacturer, I'm not sure I'll ever make it to the second category.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I agree with the part that I read. And I agree that my salary is not sky rocketing. And I am looking forward to retirement.

There is a shortage of power engineers, and schools teaching electrical power.

I'm not sure this applies to mechanical engineers, as so few of us know what you do.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

That's talking about a VERY narrow segment of EEs, even. There may actually be a bit of a shortfall because colleges haven't really been emphasizing power engineering as a viable sub-discipline, but they hadn't been doing that since I was in college, which was 37 yrs ago, so if there were a shortage, it should have already been evident by now.

The big issue is the 25% over 55 bit. Given the state of most people's retirement savings, it's highly likely that most of these people won't retire unless they can get Social Security maxed out, which would be at 66+, which is more than 12 yrs away for the youngest of that group, and that age is expected to shift further out to 67+ for those born after 1960. And these people would have never all left at the same time.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

7
If there is any shortage, it is a shortage of the time companies allowing senior engineers to mentor junior or new-hire engineers.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

3
This kind of article comes out every time when something (or somebody?) threatens H-1B visas.

"For every expert there is an equal and opposite expert"
Arthur C. Clarke Profiles of the future

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Yawn.

We see these dire warnings continuously- even during recessions. The shortage is seldom claimed to be current- it's usually just around the corner. Soon enough to be worrisome, but far enough away that current measurements of employment levels, wages etc. are deemed to be irrelevant to the discussion about whether or not it's a real problem. Sometimes, it's a current shortage of mid-level people in some cyclic industry which completely stops hiring young people during every down-turn in the economy, which is then generalized to the entire engineering profession... For instance, I can predict with 100% certainty that the oil and gas industry will be screaming "shortage" the next time oil prices rise. All the people they're laying off right now, and the tens of thousands they laid off this past year, will have moved on to other things, retired, or be so far from their oil and gas past that they wouldn't be considered eligible for re-employment.

It has been happening like this for at least sixty years.

Google "IEEE Spectrum STEM crisis is a myth" and read that paper. He does the research and shows the pattern.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I shared this article with two of my EE buddies last night, and they both said their companies reflect these assertions perfectly. One is a project manager for a utility, and the other designs substations at a large engineering firm. Both reported very large age gaps among power engineers. One was already aware of and educated on the issue. He believes the gap is due to the more fun and interesting choices EE's have had for the past few decades. e.g. designing computers and high tech gadgets. Power engineering has been boring and uninspiring by comparison. However, that is changing now that more cutting edge technology is coming to the power industry all the time.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Comocokid,

Why devote time to training when we are already behind schedule, over budget, and understaffed? ;)

FoxRox,

Not much is changing in the power industry as people make it out to be. There really is not that much that is "cutting edge" at least in comparison to other industries. No one is going to magically figure out a better way to transmit power over transmission lines. Yeah, super conductors are being used or proposed but those are for odd applications like where space is an issue in NYC or for a super substation like Tres Amigas that will connect the Eastern,Western, and Ercot interconnects together to allow wind generation in the midwest flow more freely. Bus protocols like 61850 will change how the substations wired, and tested but the general relay protection philosophies will very likely be the same. Protection philosophies have not changed much even in the move from mechanical to electronic relays. Power electronic devices are used but in very limited applications. The biggest change that I see is the amount and type of green energy being connected to the grid. A lot of upgrades and changes will also need to be made when electrical cars become prevalent. Depending on how slowly the car charges, it will increase the household kwh draw by mutiple, I think in the 2-5 range, during charging.
Compliance to NERC regulation is becoming a cottage industry in of itself. I don't know. I like it because there are a lot of nooks and crannies and when you pull out 40-100 year old text, almost all that you read is still relevant. With that, experience is always valued as opposed to in the .COM industry where fresh grads sometimes are valued over people who have been in the industry for a long time due to them having experience with whatever the new programming language is. Nobody is putting power engineers with 30+ years of experience out to the pasture. It is a mature industry that in my opinion shouldn't be using something like smart grid (too often a solution without a problem) to convince fresh grads that the field is becoming "livelier". It should be instead sold on the merits of being a mature industry with an old and huge 100 year knowledge base that is all still relevant and will never become obsolete.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

2

I can't tell you how many sleepless nights I've suffered through.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

2
I do a lot of the intern hiring for my department and find that about 1/2 of the students I interview don't want to be engineers in the long run so they don't put in the effort to pay their dues to become good engineers early in their careers.

no shortage of engineers, not many stick with it

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

truckandbus: only 30% of engineering grads in Canada work as engineers, so that 1/2 of the students you interview who don't want to be engineers are in good company.

However, your anecdotal observation of the students you interview runs contrary to the measurements. Our local engineering regulator PEO has been surveying substantial numbers of 4th year engineering students each year for quite a few years, and the results are consistent: over 90% of the graduates will either definitely or probably seek a career in engineering. Only about 6-10% know in 4th year that they are going to pursue something else, i.e. medicine, law etc. So that leaves about 60% of the graduating class, ending up doing something else by default, not by choice. And after a few years out of engineering, they're considered "spoiled" and not suitable for re-use. They've lost their profession for good.

Why do so many fail to gain entrance to the profession? Too few employers are willing to take them on and train them. They expect to find people with 10 yrs of relevant experience gained elsewhere, who can hit the ground running. That only works a) during recessions or b) if you offer significant salary premium. People who build their businesses on that kind of growth model SHOULD find themselves with a shortage of candidates in my opinion- they're shortchanging not only themselves, but the whole profession.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I suspect any shortage would be in quality, not quantity. Employers, regulatory, and boards can always lower the bar to address demand.

I used to count sand. Now I don't count at all.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

The Raising the Bar initiative is raising bar. A masters degree will basically be required to obtain a PE soon.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I think there may be a shortage looming, and the retirement boom is only one factor. In the case of the US power industry, there is a rapid change occurring that will require an increase in the number of electric power engineers to address. Intermittent renewable energy sources, large scale storage batteries, smart meters and demand management impact, and modernization of the grid to bring it to international standards cannot be accomplished simply by snapping one's fingers. I think the response of the colleges should be to aler their curriculum to better address these upcoming issues and back off on training students for legacy technology that is slowly but surely becoming irrelevant.

"...when logic, and proportion, have fallen, sloppy dead..." Grace Slick

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

@moltenmetal - what I am finding is that the new grads want to start in engineering but don't want to end up as the seasoned, grey-haired go-to person with 20 years in the trenches.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I think the comment on quality is a good one, as many companies believe they can hire consultants when they need help. However, I have seen a lack of quality from such consultant groups, and employees that jump from company to company.

Electric utilities have been hiring EE's without power background as a way to keep up with the need. This requires companies to do internal training on the power system.
The attraction of the utility industry is stability, so we see more people tired of the high tech job jumping. However, the background in high tech typically does not translate well.

It is true that many companies don't do much training, and some of that is a management problem, but smaller companies can't justify the staffing to train new people (Utility commissions pressure companies to keep staff low). But the NERC pressure is requiring more engineers with understanding of the issues, as well as staffing of regional groups, and new industries entering the power field.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

truckandbus: you mean the smarter kids are waking up and smelling the cat food? Moving to gigs which give them more reward for less effort and risk? The little rascals- how dare they?

There's some attrition out of the profession to SNORGY's favourite MBA route, for sure. That shows up in the numbers- a somewhat larger % of eng grads are employed as engineers 0-10 yrs post grad than in the upper years of experience. Some of that attrition though occurs when people are let go from a cyclic industry and not picked up as engineers thereafter- that too happens.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

3
Based on my own experience the ones who migrate to the MBA programs tend to be the least competent. I worked directly for one of these imbeciles several years ago, and he couldn't engineer his way out of a paper bag. He ended up being a VP and got to make the call on engineering decisions. It was ugly...

Maui

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Maui,
It proves the old saying" the people with a B average work for the government, and the people with the A average work for the people with a C average".

"...when logic, and proportion, have fallen, sloppy dead..." Grace Slick

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

2
Can't be a shortage of employees, only a shortage of willingness to pay more.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Dave, I'd never heard that before, but it sounds about right.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

OK, you're right- I forgot to put "smarter" in quotation marks...what I meant is the ones who leave for greener pastures by choice a) aren't so in love with engineering that they see it as an avocation rather than merely something they do for money (you're right- often, that's because they aren't all that good at it), and b) they're the ones who wake up and realize that engineering, especially as an employee, isn't nearly as good a gig as it was thirty years ago, and if you really want to earn some money you've got to find another way to do it. Median pay in Ontario for an experienced (level D) engineer is now on par with the median pay of teachers in the province.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Wow. Moltenmetal that salary statistic is brutal. No wonder engineering grads are jumping ship. With wages that low less technical low pressure jobs with similar pay will always win over all but the most dedicated, unless pay dramatically increases with experience.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

moltenmetal,

Teachers in Ontario are reasonably well paid, although engineers don't get the summer off.

Anatomy of an Ontario teacher’s paycheque .

Remember of course, that these are Canadian dollars.

--
JHG

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

6
I've heard this one before.....and at the bottom of it is typically a shortage of cheap engineers.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

My argument isn't that teachers are overpaid here- I think they earn fair compensation, particularly when they (inevitably) reach the top end of the pay scale. BTW, the top end of the payscale IS the median now, because more than 1/2 of the teachers in Ontario have achieved the top of the payscale. They don't retire, even when they can and should- my son received more instructional hours in gr 6 from a 70 yr old "retired" principal who was "double dipping" as a long term occasional teacher (long term substitute). He's obviously been doing this for a long time, and getting away with it as a result of the collective bargaining agreement, while gifted young teachers like my niece just starting out cannot get a board position and languish on the LTO list for YEARS...

My question is simply this: IF we feel as a society that a teacher is worth their (equivalent of, once holidays are compensated for) $100,000 CDN/yr PLUS excellent benefits (the best defined benefit pension plan in the country- even federal employees don't have it that good!), is a similarly experienced engineer not worth more than that? The market at the moment says "no", as evident from the salaries of engineers relative to teachers, but ONLY because teachers are unionized and engineers for the most part are not. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I think there will be time when many extra field will come into picture and engg would get any importance. No jobs for engg have to do some extra and try for many more extra degrees... Sanika Patel http://crbtech.in/CAD-CAM-Training/ ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I propose that if the US imports enough engineers, that the quality of engineers in other parts of the world will decrease. The same with doctors, and taxi drivers. So from that a point of view, it might be better for us to import as many engineers as possible. I also propose that there will be enough engineering grads that just can't cut it, and will become teachers. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? https://dazeinfo.com/2014/10/28/1-5-million-engine... http://www.thenewsminute.com/lives/609 And there are tons of articles about industry screaming how inadequate fresh graduates and that is why they hire only a small fraction: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Onl... http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703515... Same stuff as in the states. Fresh grads suck. Nevermind that they need training. Only a fraction of fresh grads go into engineering. Wages are stagnate despite industry's cry that there is a shortage. I am not really convinced the quality anywhere is affected that much by workers leaving to work abroad. The glut is too large for quality or wages to be affected much by people leaving the country in my opinion. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Should hardly be surprising; every developing country is attempting to corner the world's markets in engineered goods, but it also requires very cheap labor, so all the more reason to pump up the supply to bring the labor costs down. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I believe it is part of the over all trend to reduce labor costs by bring in more supply of labor. That I don't disagree. But there also seems to be a shortage of quality power engineers. And Tech.'s, and Linemen, and truck drivers. For that matter, there is a shortage of quality people available. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "For that matter, there is a shortage of quality people available." That's because they're already gainfully employed. The big question is whether we're at the point where any further increases in supply of quality people will drastically drop labor rates, because not every job requires the "best" candidate. Someone who is "good enough" will undercut the salary rates. In some respects, all this emphasis on driving people into STEM is a lot like an external market manipulation, which we all know has potentially deleterious consequences. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote (cranky108) I propose that if the US imports enough engineers, that the quality of engineers in other parts of the world will decrease. Don't you think that if US will import cheap engineers, the quality of engineers in other parts of the world will actually increase? "For every expert there is an equal and opposite expert" Arthur C. Clarke Profiles of the future ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I have 20 plus engineering work experience to senior,principal and manager level. My view is that there is no shortage of engineers and will never be mainly to do with globalization and mass migration. In fact, I am well aware of universities in various countries closing down or consolidating departments as are not able to recruit engineering candidates. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The UK is seeing a similar problem in the heavy electrical industries - power generation, transmission, primary distribution and the process industries such as petrochemicals and... well, once I could have included mining, steel, and the like. Not now, not today. There is an entire generation which is under-represented in power engineering - the one I'm part of. It's the 30-year harvest from the seeds sown during the privatisation (read: decimation) of the state-owned utilities in the 1980's and the recession of the late 80's and early 90's. Recruitment and training pretty much stopped for two decades before the power industry started to wake up and realise that a serious problem was developing, with the result that my generation is largely missing from an industry still dominated by the 'grey haired guys' who survived the huge cull. During that period many universities closed their unpopular power engineering classes because they were (rightly) seen by students as difficult, old-fashioned, and with lousy employment prospects, while the universities saw them as space-hungry, capital-intensive, minority-interest subjects. Today a handful of universities have re-established first-rate power engineering schools and there are some really bright prospects coming out of these universities who will be excellent engineers once they gain industry experience, but they can't pick up two or three decades worth of experience overnight, and the old-timers are retiring faster than these new folks are gaining experience. I see this going on for another decade, maybe fifteen years or so until some sort of balance between supply and demand is restored. At that point I'll be getting worried that some of these new grads will be a lot better at this stuff than I am. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? ScottyUK. Whilst the situation regarding engineers may be improving in the UK these new graduates will be entering an industry where the critical path for distribution projects is dictated by the availability of cable jointers. The bigger skills shortage in my opinion is of craftsmen in trades which most people do not even know exist. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I guess we are lucky in those respects, because we have a resource of people retiring from the military, and who are willing to be trained in additional skills. Truck driving skills is not a problem. It's the power engineers, INC tech's and relay tech's we have difficulty finding. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Actually cranky108, I keep hearing about shortages of truck drivers - even a few years ago when unemployment was high. Seems to be mostly that the pay isn't that good, especially given the long hours away from 'home' for long distance drivers etc. Plus all the 'self employed' shenanigans of making the drivers own their rigs but be treated like employees in most ways... Posting guidelines FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies http://eng-tips.com/market.cfm? (probably not aimed specifically at you) What is Engineering anyway: FAQ1088-1484: In layman terms, what is "engineering"? ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Shortages of long haul truck drivers. Have you heard of shortages of local truck drivers? I suspect some trucking companies do play games with employees. My comment was about the skills not the people willing to do the job. Besides utility trucks, in general, are not that big. We do have special people for driving oil rigs, and other larger things. But in general the line trucks have to be able to go over city streets, and dirt roads. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Andybro, Yes, I agree there are chronic shortages of jointers, also protection engineers, TP141 commissioning techs... the list goes on. Managers are ten-a-penny though! ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? There is some truth there. "You get what you pay for" is really true. If you are hiring truck drivers at minimum wage, you are likely to have shortages. Paying engineers more will increase the pool of engineers, but it will take time to train them, and weed out the bad ones. So from that perspective, there should be no shortage of engineers. Just a shortage of companies who are willing to pay a reasonable rate. Which brings to mind how so many companies are not willing to pay their in housh engineers more, but are willing to hire consultants at three times the rate, for second class work. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "there should be no <long term> shortage of engineers <with the required expertise>. Just a shortage of companies who are willing to pay a reasonable rate." You may be onto something there. Posting guidelines FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies http://eng-tips.com/market.cfm? (probably not aimed specifically at you) What is Engineering anyway: FAQ1088-1484: In layman terms, what is "engineering"? ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote (cranky) Which brings to mind how so many companies are not willing to pay their in housh engineers more, but are willing to hire consultants at three times the rate, for second class work. Given the overhead multipliers in most large companies, paying only 3 times as much money for work which is only 2nd class would be seen as excellent value for money! ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The fact that consulting engineers are available means that you don't have to continue to feed an expensive, in-house, qualified engineer. At a 3x multiple, that's still probably less than double the net cost per hour for an in-house engineer, and so long as you need the consultant less than 6 months per year, you're ahead Having an in-house engineer means more than just the sheer cost, you have to feed that one guy stuff that he's interested in doing, and if you don't do that, at best, the guy gets rusty over time, and at worst, he bails after a couple of yrs of fixing stupid crap that the cheap engineer should be able to fix, but can't. This also means that your cost to maintain in-house capability goes up even further if you have to pay for acquisition of the next qualified engineer, in head-hunter fees, advertising, and down time to interview candidates. There are certain disciplines that we've been completely unable to fill because of the reasons above. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? 2 A 3x multiplier on salary is probably low on an employee of a large company burdened with lots of MBAs, VPs, PIPs, HR and other alphabet soup folks... ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? hmm. We only use a 2x multiplier. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The lower you pay your engineers, the higher the multiplier has to be. Generally. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Generally, smaller companies tend to have lower multipliers. A significant portion of our multiplier pays for facilities that smaller companies might not have, such as security officers, SCIFs, gobs of lab equipment, etc. 8% of our personnel are associated with security and IT. While IT does the usual PC problems, they also are constantly keeping the PCs updated and virus scanned. Every single classified computer has to be audited on a routine basis by IT. Even then, we are all still pretty highly paid, although not as well paid as what Facebook and Google interns are supposedly being paid this year (~8k/month) TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The topic of this thread has drifted to a related, but interesting one. Labor rate multipliers are a useful tool for establishing a profitable price to charge for small routine jobs or orders. These multipliers are very frequently misused by middle management and bean counters to show large cost savings by reducing head count. Reducing head count of those to whom the multiplier applies, does not reduce overhead and simply increases the multiplier for next year when a new multiplier is calculated. This leads to what I have called the "corporate death spiral", where companies price themselves out of business by constantly increasing the multiplier. The only way to decrease the multiplier is to increase sales and therefore headcount. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? My favorite sign over an engineer's desk: "Note to management: You are overhead; I am profit" ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I think in a nutshell, the engineering profession as a whole is shrinking in the western world while increasing in the developing countries due to a host of political and economic reasons, on the same token the number of professionals engaged changes accordingly. ( my view is that many engineers slip out of the profession as they mature, after 10 -15 years on average. On the opposite side there seems to be an inverse correlation with the number of accountants and lawyers getting into the market. On multipliers; we charge junior staff at a higher x, than the senior one. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? IRStuff, 8k a month in San Francisco is like 4-5k a on a month in a lot of other places. If you look up BART salaries, there are plenty of "uneducated" people breaking 100k. I have a relative that worked closely with CEO Marissa Mayer at Yahoo and he still needed a lot of help from his parents to buy a house. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Silicon Valley has been consistently expensive over the last 30+ years. When I was shopping for a house in 1982, a ramshackle "house" in the hills above Los Gatos that appeared to be patchworked with various colored corrugated sheet metal was listed at$130K; the road was an unpaved single lane, and it looks so bad I didn't even bother to look inside the house. I wound up buying a 1600 sq. ft. tract house for $138k, and that required parental help as well. That same house is guesstimated by Zillow to be$1.25M today. The main difference is that the multiple of salary went from about 4:1 to 10:1

But, bear in mind that the $8k for the intern is in ADDITION to: > free housing, but shared with a couple of other interns > 3 meals a day during work week > free transpo to/from work to the free housing For a junior in college, that's a exceptionally sweet deal, and, that's increased from 3 years ago when the intern salary was$6k/month.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Does anyone have any evidence or links to research that counters the "hype" that there is an engineer shortage? I don't believe there is either, but you'd think someone had actually looked into it and published research, even if it's just a magazine article.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I've posted these before, but I never get tired of posting them again:

A detailed, well-documented study of the engineering labour market in Canada, in Ontario in particular, based on solid census data and other similar sources:

The conclusions, in brief:

- only 31% of engineering grads in Canada work as engineers or engineering managers. It is the lowest match rate between education and work placement of any of the country's regulated professions
- the lines of the number of engineering grads (supply) and the number of engineering jobs (demand) have different slopes, and have diverged steadily over the past two decades
- a larger fraction (33%) of engineering grads work in jobs not requiring a university degree of any kind. That alone is clear evidence of a massive under-employment situation for engineering grads in Canada
- the 69% working outside engineering, earn on average 20% less than the 31% who do, so if they've left the profession voluntarily they've done so against their economic interests
- 92% of engineering 4th yr students surveyed indicated that they definitely or probably will pursue a career in engineering- obviously, many fresh grads are unable to find work and hence lose their chosen profession rather than choosing to abandon engineering

Another well documented study, indicating a systemic pattern of predictions of future STEM shortages that has happened since the 1940s:

http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2014/...

http://spectrum.ieee.org/at-work/education/the-ste...

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

The STEM program here was such a failure that they had to add "arts" and make it STEAM. This was to entice at least someone, even artists, to go into engineering.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I guess it is kept silent. Although doing ok at math and science, my kids have no desire to go STEM either. So be it.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I would take STEAM if it brought back the impression that engineering is or can be a creative endeavor. Sometimes, I feel like the public thinks that engineering is a souless endeavor like bookkeeping.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Well, I saw the recent movie "the accountant", and I had previously thought the accountants job was pretty dull, but Affleck ( the accountant) must have killed 200 people within 1 week of dull work. Maybe they should make a movie called "the engineer" with similar blood and guts to draw more kids to STEM..

"...when logic, and proportion, have fallen, sloppy dead..." Grace Slick

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"...when logic, and proportion, have fallen sloppy dead..." Grace Slick
FTFY

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

2
Engineering seems to be one of the most difficult white collar ways of making money.

High responsibility
High Stress
High visibility
Low / Slow upward movement
Low respect
Med pay

I'm really getting tired of it. I'm pretty much ready to move on. Maybe I'm a 'B' engineer, but I feel like there is only one person on our engineering team better than myself. Who knows. I'm tired of fighting all the time, tired of every team pushing me to make 'easier' decisions for mfg, cost and time. Tired of building Bill of Materials. Tired of B / C engineers asking me simple problem solving questions. And I hate how software knowledge is more important than knowledge. Some person knows how to run CFD and Ansys and his resume is gold. Same guy doesn't know what to do when the customer asks him about clearances without running a stupid 3D software. Why didn't engineers divorce themselves from 3D software? Just contract it out. I don't care how to make the grid to do this or do that. I need to know what the stress is here. Make it happen.

I guess you can tell that I'm over the whole thing.

: )

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I have to agree with most of the above ! Since globalization and the rise of industralization in the far east, and the shift to service industries in the west, the future of engineering opportunities as we know it, is limited.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Unless you innovate. I realise that the opportunity for innovation is limited in 'design to code' industries, but believe it or not somebody did once get moment plasticity design of steel frames onto the books, so it is possible.

As to pay, clerical engineering is not well paid. Neither is clerical banking.

Cheers

Greg Locock

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Where I work is chock full of foreign citizens on visas. Management there must be claiming an engineer shortage so they can reach out to these foreign workers and pay them MUCH less than a US citizen.

Tunalover

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

3
STEAM is a meaningless term. It's an attempt to lump "arts" in with science/technology, engineering and math just to give "arts" some cachet, rather than trying to imply that there is "art" or creativity in any of those other subjects.

What- languages aren't important? Or the social sciences? Or economics?

There is no STEM shortage nor any shortage of kids interested in pursuing STEM careers. There is a persistent shortage of employers willing to take on fresh graduates and train them. That shortage results in a shortage of people at the putative "peak" return on investment for an employer, i.e. someone with ten- not two or thirty- years of relevant experience gained at someone else's expense. These employees will be in perpetual short supply if employers don't realize that professionals need to be built from good raw materials, not purchased like widgets off a shelf.

awhicker84: I hear you. I get tired of people telling me what a good gig engineering is. The risk and stress to reward ratio for the average engineer is terrible. We have allowed our profession to be commodified, primarily by selling our services by the hour rather than getting paid for the value we create by embodying our engineering in products which we sell. When all you sell is man-hours, all engineers are reduced to equivalent billing units and subject to hourly price competition, tempting employers to stuff cubicles with billing units of questionable virtue in order to get ahead. We find it's far easier to be compensated in accordance with the value we create if we forget about selling man-hours and instead make a product which embodies our engineering and sell that. It's also a hell of a lot more rewarding.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

It's the engineering shortage that allows me to say 'NO' rather than having to kill butt to keep my job. I like that.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Lawyers sell man-hours too, but as a profession they were smart enough to set up a closed shop and then charge premium rate for their services. Their business model works for them, while ours doesn't.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

WE engineers only control the design. We don't maintain control product marketing and sales.

Reaction to change doesn't stop it

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Here in Ontario, the other thing that distinguishes law and medicine from the rest of the regulated professions is that in each case, 80-90% of their licensees are also members of their advocacy body. In the case of doctors here, their advocacy body is basically a union- it negotiates fees from our single payor medical insurance system, i.e. the provincial government.

We engineers instead went the other way- we were licensed for eighty years before we founded an advocacy body, used the excuse of not having one to not do ANY advocacy on behalf of professional engineers because doing so would be somehow a conflict of interest...and eroded our own restricted realms of practice by permitting an industrial exemption from licensure and a Certificate of Authorization program to permit corporations to do professional engineering in their own name (i.e. what can amount to one signatory engineer taking responsibility for the work, with a crowd of non-engineers doing the actual work).

The median salary for a level D engineer is the same as that for a teacher here in the province, once you account for all the extra vacation the teachers get. And we're not done our race to the bottom yet- we keep on digging...

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"eroded our own restricted realms of practice by permitting an industrial exemption"

And yet, in California, where there is an industrial exemption, engineers at Alphabet got high 6-figure salaries and most engineers in Silicon Valley do very well. This argument continues to come up, yet, for someone like me, who NEVER sees the public, NEVER works on anything that impinges on public safety, there's this harping to get licensure. But for what? Ultimately, we still get sold by the pound, because that's the way contracts are set up. But, my pay is fine as is the pay of all the engineers in the company, so what rationale is there for licensure?

TTFN (ta ta for now)
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Maybe, they were talking about running into a shortage of engineers to import. ;)

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

In US the engineering workforce is not swamped by "foreign engineers" as legal migration is way more regulated than in Canada, Australia, New Zealand. In US without a "legal " migration you cannot get a professional job.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Not exactly. Legal migration is way more regulated yes, true, but that doesn't help when the supply was legally flooded.

Reaction to change doesn't stop it

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

What exactly is a " high 6-figure salary"? We should also account for cost of living in differing areas.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Let's say that it was "high" enough that more than a few have since become semi-retired, just from banking their salaries. Alphabet supposedly experienced a severe "brain drain" in their self-driving car group because of this.

For "ordinary" mortals, internships last year were priced at effectively $96 k/annum; this was for college students still in school. Starting salaries were probably on the order of$120 k.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Not sure if is correct to lump together the software engineers with the physical science type engineers in your comparison. Some are still reluctant to call software engineers, engineers. The difference is more than semantics.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

2
IRstuff: a diminishingly small number of engineers earn those high salaries. Yes, a few engineers in Canada earn high salaries too- some of them actually still do engineering...You keep bringing up the salaries of engineers working for places like Google as if it actually indicates some kind of trend meaningful to the engineering profession at large, and it simply doesn't.

My point is simply this: engineers here in Ontario, within living memory, earned more than either doctors and lawyers. We now earn a fraction of what those professions earn in median terms- in fact we're now on par with teachers in terms of pay. It's very clear WHY that reversal happened here- we allowed our profession to become a commodity, whereas the other professions didn't. Teachers unionized- so did the doctors, though they don't call their union a union. Lawyers didn't unionize, but they didn't allow law firms to practice law in their own name- they permit partnerships but don't grant licenses to corporations to practice law in their own names using armies of paralegals, for instance. There is no exemption from licensure for the practice of law, period- lawyers are very good at making rules which ensure there is always a job for lawyers. They also are still the most prominent profession in politics.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

The notion that is salaries would increase due to licensure is flawed. If there were 10 times the number of licensed engineers, the salary structure would collapse altogether, simply because there would be an over supply.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Salaries won't increase again. No point in closing the barn door 30 years after it was kicked open- that horse is dead. So you're right- even if we were to get rid of the industrial exemption and reform the C of A, the market is so flooded with licensees that wages would not rise in a meaningful way. The likelihood of meaningful reform to the C of A is zero, and even the IE in Ontario- the only province which has one- can't be removed without a hue and cry from the business lobby- we tried two or three years ago and failed.

Right now even the requirement for 1 yr of experience mentored by a licencee prior to licensure (so the licensee at least has a chance to determine if the person actually understands the legal and ethical requirements of licensure) is under attack as contrary to the human rights of immigrant engineers. So the trend is for even more supply. The prospects for a demand-side solution to falling engineering wages are basically zero. With the profession only able to "capture" less than half of its own graduates, it's tough to see how things could get worse, but we're trying our best. I'm sure if we maintain a sufficiently positive attitude about what a great gig it is to be an engineer, and how there are always shortages of engineers, and how well engineers are paid, we'll be successful.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

#### Quote:

The notion that is salaries would increase due to licensure is flawed. If there were 10 times the number of licensed engineers, the salary structure would collapse altogether, simply because there would be an over supply.

Agreed. One approach that has been suggested however is a Grad degree as a minimum for licensure. I've never agreed with the idea, but I guess it actually would cut down on the supply.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Will it be a shortage of engineers? Or will it be a shortage of talent?

Companies sometimes will assign a young engineer primarily with repetitive and dull responsibilities that don't grow their skillset. Once you kill a guy's enthusiasm, it won't come back as strongly ever again. Throw the young guys in the mix enough to keep them engaged and challenged.

"Formal education is a weapon, whose effect depends on who holds it in his hands and at whom it is aimed." ~ Joseph Stalin

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"With the profession only able to "capture" less than half of its own graduates,"

THIS pretty much tells you that we're in an over supply condition that's unlikely to change. While a graduate degree could potentially drive down the supply, I doubt that there will be much impact. In my high school years, taking 3 AP classes was considered to be high achieving, and there was no IB whatsoever. Today's high schoolers, in the college prep pathway, take at least 12 AP classes, and many take an additional 7 IB exams. With an appropriate selection of such classes, and a firm and early decision of a major, finishing college in 3 years is achievable, so adding another year for an MS simply brings you back to 4 years of college, total.

Earlier there was a comment about CS not being engineering; UC Berkeley's College of Engineering's CS degree is EE-CS (they call it "eeks"), i.e., electrical engineering/computer science, so for them, CS is an engineering degree and discipline, and graduates have to fulfill the requirements of an engineering degree.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

3
If you make masters degree a requirement then you'll just end up with Academia getting rich and an increase in student debt etc.

It's one thing to raise the bar because you actually need the extra skills etc. you get from a Masters, using it to crudely prune the supply side is very questionable in my view.

One aspect to the 'shortage' that I saw alluded to in an article a while back is that some very capable students in STEM perceive that it's harder for them to keep their grades up than their colleagues in some other subjects so they transfer. I forget if they followed this as far as checking that with these other degrees they get similar employment opportunities & ROI etc. One might argue this could be a good thing that the people staying in STEM are more engaged & enthusiastic etc. even if not always as academically gifted. Or, one might be concerned that many of the 'brightest & best' are leaving STEM education for paths they see as giving better reward for investment.

Not to fear though if the 'native' STEM Phd candidates drop out to go basket weaving or work on wall street, we'll fill the Phd programs with imported talent (some of it not particularly exceptional) and skirt the H1B limits because student visas can be transferred to H1B without counting against the quota. Then our vaunted tech industry will have all the indentured servants it can handle.

(Sorry, may be a little grumpy today so take with a pinch of salt as needed.)

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Star for Kenat. I couldn't agree more with your first two statements.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

To put things in perspective with the topic, the article linked by the OP was talking about a very specific situation in the power industry, which does likely have a shortage due to an age-gap.

Engineering as a whole could certainly have a glut while the power industry and other niche fields like programming have a shortage. Lucky for them.

As a Mechanical Engineer (BSME), I certainly feel like this is the case. When I graduated five years ago, I had a gut feeling that the piece of paper I received was a dime a dozen.

That being said, I still think there is a chance for superior talent and work ethic (hoping that I have both in sufficient supply) to prevail over a glut of degree holders. It's interesting to discuss the topic, but as an individual it does no good to blame immigrants, government policies, or our engineering forebears for one's own plight.

At this point I often joke that, if I had it to do over, I would have been a dentist or a dermatologist. Work half the time for ten times the pay. Alas, who can predict what the perfect job would look like in their future self's eyes?

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"article linked by the OP was talking about a very specific situation in the power industry, which does likely have a shortage due to a hiring an age-gap at some point in the past"

I mean, it's not like the ageing process and typical retirement ages etc. are so unpredictable that it's a meaningful excuse.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

KENAT, true enough. If there is a real shortage now, it's because they ignored a slowly developing shortage for decades. Students picking majors cannot be blamed for turning away from a future of perceived boredom and mediocre pay.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Even when I went to college, which was MANY moons ago, electric power was a waning discipline, other than electronic power supply design. Slobodan Cuk had just invented his converter topology.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

So power engineering is a cycle like the aircraft industry. The cycle is about 30 years.

That being said, many universities don't teach electric power. That maybe because teaching pays so much less than the actual industry.
I am assuming teaching other areas of engineering pays closer to the industry wages.

The other side of it is for a long time microelectronics engineering has paid so much better than power engineering, likely to the point there were very few people going into the power option.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

The best instructors for power engineering would be retired power engineers. They have the knowledge and can afford to take the relatively poor pay of an adunct professor.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I think some of the lack of growth (wrt salaries) has been the sluggish economy. (That may be something we are forgetting here.) Even in the "recovery" years we've had since 2008, it hasn't been 5-7% years (like we had in the mid-80's). In 2004-2007, I was getting outrageous offers to leave where I was working (same thing in the late 90's).

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"many universities don't teach electric power."

There's just not that much demand for courses. If there were demand, there'd be professors hired to do the teaching.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Raising the bar for engineering licensure to a Masters degree would not only be a meaningless way to prune the supply- it would just extend the "credential inflation" problem even further. The BA is the new high school as far as employers are concerned, and that's a huge problem in and of itself. The trouble with credential inflation is that higher education in most countries isn't 100% subsidized. There's only so much education a person can afford, unless their parents are rich. So all you'd be doing is making it even harder for people to move up the economic ladder than it is right now. You'll be sorting people all right, but not necessarily by ability, skill, aptitude or intelligence.

The top 10% of engineers can still thrive. But the notion of a BASc being a meal ticket are long, long gone.

The lack of growth in salaries has occurred over decades, and is relative to other professions subject to the same global economic pressures, the same recessions etc. The slide hasn't happened because of recessions- it has happened because we allowed the supply to swamp the demand. And if we keep up this attitude of limitless opportunity in engineering, I'm confident that we can make matters even worse. Every Dean of Engineering in Canada seems to be positively brimming with that positive attitude.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Most of the retired power engineers that I know, are consultants, and not teaching. I think the consultant route pays more than teaching.

So are you saying that boring industries will in the future go wanting for engineers, while exciting industries will be swimming in engineers?

Sounds like some industries will be seeing wage freezes.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Depends what turns your crank, cranky! Some stuff I find dull as watching paint dry is fascinating to others, and vice versa.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Well Cranky, that's where the whole supply and demand thing should cut in.

The premium for power engineers will be so high that it should eventually lead to increase in supply. The premium for courses in power engineering and people to teach it should likewise grow...

Now it's not the smoothest of systems and hits a lot of bumps and snags along the way but in theory should get us there barring gross negligence/self serving etc. at management and government levels and the like.

So we're probably attached to another object by an inclined plane, wrapped helically around an axis.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"So are you saying that boring industries will in the future go wanting for engineers, while exciting industries will be swimming in engineers?"

That's mostly true, even outside of engineering. Why is psychology one of the most popular majors in college when the typical graduate winds up in a $35k/yr job as a social worker? Was that really worth borrowing a quarter million that can't be paid off with that kind of salary? Physics 1 used to be a "weeder" class in my school, because the school knew that the plethora of wannabe physicists wouldn't be able to get jobs at the end of the 4 yrs. Of course, the class was so brutal that my roommate declared for Eng. Lit. at the end of that, and that was in a serious engineering school. But, even at the worst, he only paid a total of about$20k tuition in then-year dollars. Even the worst student could expect a loan to salary ratio of 1:1, while currently, it would be more like 2:1 to 4:1, unless you go to a state school.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Kenat,

The industry will make due. Over standardization and knowing how to use software has been given more weight than understanding. It will just be more bloated and dumber. Utilities are regulated ,too, so the wages are never tied to demand. Unionized master techs are better off than nonunion engineers.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

The place I work now seeks for Engineers a lot.Not just Engineers,skilled ones.The demand for Engineers increase in modern world.But do not mix it up with traditional Engineers,now areas like medical engineering,QA Engineering,Testing engineering have evolved and replaced the traditional civil engineers(not that they do not have opportunities)but engineering has modified itself according to the modern era and not still dead and will not be in future.

Medical Engineering
(http://www.dimolanka.com/sectors/sector-overview?s...)

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I disagree. I read an article, granted it is several years old, where it said STEM graduates number in the 800,000. US colleges produce twice the number of STEM graduates as there are jobs in the field.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

plazma,I read your article and found it has some interesting findings.However I agree that mining and petroleum engineers have attracted the field a lot.Mainly in Calgary,Canada and Perth,Australia where the resources are found in huge amounts.

Medical Engineering
(http://www.dimolanka.com/sectors/sector-overview?s...)

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Can't see any problem, people can just log into Eng-Tips and get answers just as is done now

It is a capital mistake to theorise before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts. (Sherlock Holmes - A Scandal in Bohemia.)

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Any engineer should be able to look at that graph and understand in an instant what is really going on.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

It boils down to a drop in engineering demand as the western world shifted to a services type economy while developing economies boost a strong and ever increasing demand for engineering. The faculties, politicians and still many have not adapted to this change but still chasing the higher wage in the west.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Politicians know that the jobs for people with a high school education are going the way of the dodo. Their response is to get everyone to go to university...they don't realize that the economic ground under them has completely shifted and isn't going to shift back merely by giving everyone a degree. That engineers provide essential benefits to society and the economy is not in doubt- but it is a non-sequitur to assume that adding 2-3x the number of engineering grads to the market than the economy could possibly use as engineers will have any net economic benefit, much less an economic benefit worth the investment required in providing this specialist education to people who don't actually need it.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"but it is a non-sequitur to assume that adding 2-3x the number of engineering grads to the market than the economy could possibly use as engineers will have any net economic benefit"

Sure, it will. That is the basis of supply-side economics, the "if you build it, people will buy it" theory that's been PROVEN time and again to not work, but because it's derived from political dogma, they continue to spout it ad nauseum. A very casual analysis of wage growth vs. wealth of the top 1% vs. corporate profits shows very clearly who really benefits from supply side economics and it certainly ain't us. Minimum wage in the US in adjusted dollars was growing up until supply-side economics was pushed into the mainstream of American politics, and lo and behold, it has DECREASED 40% since its peak in the 1970s. And yet, the top 1% has seen an order of magnitude increase in wealth over the same time frame. Is that a simple coincidence?

If you ever wanted to see a real-life global-scale conspiracy, this might be it.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I don't necessarily disagree with @moltenmetal's assessment of Canadian engineering - I think similar happens in the USA. However, if I were to argue it (playing devil's advocate) I would look at the entirety of college graduates and their proportion of relevant employment after graduation.

I think it goes without argument that the overall rates of college graduates is rising overall in my own country (USA) as we continue to pressure everyone to "get a degree, any degree, just get a degree because everyone should" which results in a lot of irrelevant education with their future employment.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

#### Quote:

Sure, it will. That is the basis of supply-side economics, the "if you build it, people will buy it" theory that's been PROVEN time and again to not work, but because it's derived from political dogma, they continue to spout it ad nauseum. A very casual analysis of wage growth vs. wealth of the top 1% vs. corporate profits shows very clearly who really benefits from supply side economics and it certainly ain't us. Minimum wage in the US in adjusted dollars was growing up until supply-side economics was pushed into the mainstream of American politics, and lo and behold, it has DECREASED 40% since its peak in the 1970s. And yet, the top 1% has seen an order of magnitude increase in wealth over the same time frame. Is that a simple coincidence?

At the risk of taking the thread off course......with respect, that is tying a lot of things together that are not necessarily related. Wage growth doesn't really have much to do with tax policy. That is just redistribution after the fact. You can tax the highest wage earners all you want.....and unless the revenues are redistributed later.....it's meaningless. Wages are a direct result of supply and demand, production being increasingly automated, etc, etc.

As far as supply-side goes......whatever its flaws, it was intended as a response to the collapse of the Keynesian school models that went up in flames in the 1970's. (With the coexistence of high inflation and high employment which supposedly was impossible in the Keynesian school.) It also coincided with the entrepreneur revolution of the 80's. (I.e. a need for incentive as productivity declined in the 70's.) It certainly isn't the cure-all the a lot of right-wingers make it out to be (principally because they mismanage the budget aspect of it: i.e. not accounting for a initial slide in revenues). But you'd be hard pressed to find many economists who want the old tax code back. (Even Jonathan Chait admitted this in his book slamming supply-side.)

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I wasn't specifically referring to the tax code, per se. I was merely pointing out that wage stagnation for the lower and middle classes seemingly coincides with huge increases in wealth in the upper classes. Nevertheless, tax code changes have seemingly helped the upper classes way more than they ever helped the lower classes.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

And maybe the need for everyone to get a degree is because of the decline in public school education. The universities are taking over the job of the public schools.

Another aspect might be that not all the engineering universities are the same, and some of the degrees are given to people who may not be qualified, or go into management, or both.

And yet some in political office still follow the Keynesian theory.

Yet some of the richest people never finished college.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

#### Quote:

I wasn't specifically referring to the tax code, per se. I was merely pointing out that wage stagnation for the lower and middle classes seemingly coincides with huge increases in wealth in the upper classes. Nevertheless, tax code changes have seemingly helped the upper classes way more than they ever helped the lower classes.

I don't know that the two are connected. The idea that is being hinted at here is that if taxes were higher that would mean more for other classes. (I.e. that somehow employers would give their employees more (presumably to avoid taxation).) And that just isn't the case.

That is, unless the money was redistributed after the fact. On that note, in the era of super high marginal rates (70-90% +) that isn't what happened with revenues anyway (i.e. income redistribution in the form of benefits such as heath care). Defense spending (to name one) was much higher.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"And maybe the need for everyone to get a degree is because of the decline in public school education. The universities are taking over the job of the public schools."

I don't think there's been any evidence given for that claim. Certainly, for most serious, college-bound students, that's definitely NOT the case. When I went to college, back in the dim past, 3 AP classes was above the norm. My high school senior is currently gearing up for his 10th through 14th AP exams. If his competitors were really that poor, there would be no need to stack that many AP classes and exams to be competitive. And even with 9 AP exams with 4s and 5s under his belt, he's barely competitive with his peers.

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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

@JNieman: here are two figures:

1) Intentions of 4th year engineering students in Ontario, surveyed by Ipsos-Reid on behalf of Professional Engineers Ontario. These surveys have shown results which are consistent through numerous years in which this survey has been completed.

2) Table 1: Match rates between education and employment in all the regulated professions in Ontario, from the 2006 Survey of Households. The 2011 Survey of Households, derived from the long-form census, was destroyed by our former Tory government, deliberately- they found it easier to hold ideologically-based positions when there was no pesky data to contradict them. The current government has fixed that for subsequent years, but the destroyed 2011 census will haunt us for years to come.

A few points:

1) Engineering students in 4th year overwhelmingly want to work as engineers.
2) Over twice as many engineering graduates work outside the engineering profession as work within it. In fact, about 33% of engineering graduates in Canada work in areas of employment for which a university degree of any kind, much less an engineering degree, is not required. That's a larger proportion than the ~ 30% of eng grads who work as enginers
3) The ~70% of engineering grads who work outside the profession, earn on average about 20% less than the ~ 30% who work as engineers or engineering managers
4) The match rate between education and employment for engineering is the lowest of all the regulated professions in the country, and not by a small margin.

The match rate decreases with years of experience, as we all know some people previously employed as engineers who leave the profession either by default or by choice. That fraction is also affected by the influence of immigration: while the situation for engineering grads in Canada in composite is bad, the situation for those Canadian engineers who were educated outside Canada is even worse- of that group, only ~19% work within the profession.

All this adds up to only one conclusion: the engineering labour market for engineering here in Ontario and in Canada in general is saturated, has been saturated for some time, and the saturation has been growing steadily for twenty years. It shows no signs of getting substantially better in the next decade, either.

All this information (the graph previously posted, plus the chart and table posted here) may be found in this report, which I've already linked to- by posting the graphs and charts here, I'm trying to reach the people who haven't bothered to read the report yet:

The report lists all its references and data sources.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

IR, are you saying that every high school is as good as your local high school?

Strange how some high schools have higher levels of teen suicides than others, and there are few reported school problems.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Mine isn't local, we transferred to a different school district. Nevertheless, every high school in our area offers a substantially larger complement of AP classes than ever before, and even the city high school in our old neighborhood offers a large number of AP classes. And this is on top of the IB classes and tests offered. Now, it could possibly be argued that we're in the "one percent" of high schools, being in a relatively rich county, but there are many such high schools across California.

The US News high school report, which we started following in about 2005 timeframe continues listing a huge number of high schools across the US that produce graduating classes with an AVERAGE of 9 AP tests taken. My old high school was among them, so they amped up their game as well. The bottom line is that the good high schools have gotten better, with better college prep than ever before. Rising tide arguments aside, it's possible that the worst high schools have gotten worse, but I have no information about that.

I can say that EVERY UC and Cal State campus is inundated with applicants, and even UC Merced has no problem finding qualified applicants. Note that UC campuses require the infamous a-g high school curriculum, in addition to high GPAs and SAT test scores. UC San Diego, which is nationally ranked, reportedly had over 90,000 applicants for fall of 2017 and had no issue waitlisting people with 3.6 GPA and 34 on the ACT. What used to be "safety" schools are rejecting qualified applicants.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Something my wife noted while looking for houses a few years ago. The local crime rates are higher around middle and high schools. So maybe those free periods are useful for some of the kids.

Ever since my daughter took the PSAT test last year, she has had hundreds of pieces of mail from differing universities around the country. And several of which I have never heard of.
More recently my daughter had commented that she did not see any calculus on the SAT test she took.

But when you understand that being a social worker also requires a degree, and it does not pay much, one needs to wonder if some university degrees are worth it.
Economics for sure is not on the high school requirement list. So maybe people realize they can make more money with an engineering degree by doing something else.

I hear truck driving pays well, and without the boss always there.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"Economics for sure is not on the high school requirement list. "

True, but you can take AP Econ, where offered, which didn't even exist when I went to high school.

But the economics is actually a multiple whammy, given that while there is the requirement for a degree, there's nothing that say that degree has to come from USC or somesuch, but the main issue is that there is such a glut of Psych majors that there's no need to pay them larger salaries.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

A friend of mine is a social worker and makes almost as much me. This is in Canada though so YMMV. Looking at that table I wonder I didn't do PT or something instead...

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Growing up in NY then living/working elsewhere I have seen firsthand the effects of supply and demand. NY has the proverbial "perfect storm" IMHO, with few exceptions most anywhere you go within the state is <1 hour's drive to a college that offers engineering. The vast majority of them being through the state SUNY system are a great deal for students, live at home or with family cheap and to this day its pretty common for a bachelor's to cost <$30k after all expenses are considered. OTOH, bc of the glut of engineers graduating and industry being taxed out of the state salaries are laughably low. One recent grad I know couldn't "leave home," a BSME only earned him$50k/year, I started $25k higher a decade ago in a dirt cheap section of the Midwest. One point I feel is rarely mentioned/discussed regarding college degrees and licensure is the difficulty level, or IMHO the lack thereof as compared to the reality of design and development. I have mentored quite a few junior engineers and interns who gave up engineering rather quickly bc they did not enjoy the constant challenges, constant learning, or creativity necessary. Like many colleagues who stuck with the profession only to become lousy engineers, they didn't recognize the difference between being a good student and being a good engineer and weren't willing to put in the time and effort to become the later. To a large extent I believe even folks in engineering tend to overplay the accomplishment of earning a degree or license, nevermind the parents, educators, and other non-engineers. Kids tend to be very trusting so its natural that a certain number go into other professions after graduation. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The difficulty level is interesting. Although I did harder maths at university, by hand, than I ever have since, in practice, say in DSP, I have to know a lot more than just the equations. Same with, say, statics. At uni the problems are known to be solvable, whereas in the real world the list of unknowns often exceeds the knowns. Not that I do much statics as an end result, but it is the starting point for dynamics. For instance suppose we want to design a light subframe that will survive driving through a square edged pothole, yet will fail neatly in a front end crash. The crash guys have a couple of dozen supercomputers and years of experience, they don't need to make reasonable estimates, they can calculate what is going on. The pothole people have a couple of strain gauges on the suspension arms and a force measured somewhere, probably not where it is needed, from one test. Cheers Greg Locock New here? Try reading these, they might help FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies http://eng-tips.com/market.cfm? ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? And maybe that's the issue, that so many really don't like the work. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Lets be realistic, we are consumer and service society, we hardly make things, most engineering solutions are off the shelf, so why people study engineering now a days is beyond me, is hard and the picture at the end, ain't to pretty. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Less engineering required, and vastly more engineering grads being cranked out. Do the math! ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "Lets be realistic, we are consumer and service society, we hardly make things, most engineering solutions are off the shelf, so why people study engineering now a days is beyond me, is hard and the picture at the end, ain't to pretty." The substation across the street does not look like it was off the shelf. And in fact none of our substations look like they were off the shelf. Maybe parts of it were off the shelf, but it was built by in house crews. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? So how much was engineering and how much trade work? the later is always a local component. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote (spraytechnology) Lets be realistic, we are consumer and service society, we hardly make things, most engineering solutions are off the shelf, so why people study engineering now a days is beyond me, is hard and the picture at the end, ain't to pretty. Depends on the definition of "hard" and "pretty." One reason that I enjoy this profession is the variety of both work and people. I've known "engineers" whose day jobs make their undergrad degree seem extremely difficult and others who continually fight a steep learning curve with new technology. Along a similar vein, I know junior engineers earning$50k and several engineers-turned-execs that earn $1M+ annually. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? What about siting of the substation? You can't just plop those things anywhere unless you don't care if they get covered by several feet of water during heavy storms. Just this takes quite a lot of engineering. Sometimes new trenching and building penetrations are needed when changing out equipment, and can the existing bus take the new configuration? This all takes engineering too. Lots of fun! ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? For sure there will be some engineering local components that cannot be outsource especially in structural/civil domain but the discussion drifted to engineering in general. Regards. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote (moltenmetal) Less engineering required, and vastly more engineering grads being cranked out. Do the math! That smells like lower wages or emigration. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? DISAGREE. As a result of the "Obama economy" - now documented to be the worst in history - I have been out of work as an engineer now for a year and a half. No job in sight. And I know a lot of other engineers in my same predicament. One of my problems: I'm "too old." "No one is completely useless. He can always serve as a bad example." --My Dad ca. 1975 ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? IILBAY (((("No one is completely useless. He can always serve as a bad example." --My Dad ca. 1975 )))) I like it, will probably remember it. Thanks. In my case the few opportunities that come across my desk require relocation or being away from home for periods of time. Definitely, good opportunities are far from abound. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote (Illbay) As a result of the "Obama economy" - now documented to be the worst in history At the risk of taking this thread off topic, I have to say LOL WHAT? I am no fan of the previous administration policies, OVER ALL, but I can certainly read. Worst economy in history? For WHOM? Rate of growth of USA GDP: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD... https://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/glance.htm https://data.oecd.org/gdp/gross-domestic-product-g... and a more boiled-down explanatory approach here: https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-01-19... who places Obama second to Clinton in "best to worst economic performance/strength" during presidential administrations since 1977. For all the fault you can throw out a sarcastic "THANKS, OBAMA!" the economy is one that shouldn't be sarcastic. If you're to lay economic performance on the President, that is. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? When did the dow jones or other indices breaking records indicated the economy is or was terrible? ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? A recession is when a lot of other people are out of work. A depression is when I am out of work. Let's show some sensitivity. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? there is little correlation between employment levels and stock market performances. often the working class has little to do or little ability to influence the markets but remember what Stalin said: " death of one person is a tragedy, if many is only statistics " ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I wonder at times what does a young graduate that invested few good years in STEM education, has a nice loan to pay back and suddenly cannot get a job or a start in his/her chosen profession? How frustrating and demoralizing it must be. Any comments? advice,or real life stories ? ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Can't be any worse than a psych major in the same boat, particularly given that the median salary for psych majors is probably about half that of STEM majors, while the loans are probably about the same. There are at least a couple of threads floating around ET from people precisely in the situation. However, there are so many factors both personal and corporate that ultimately determine whether interviews and/or offers come. "I went to a middling university and got middling grades, and now I can't get any responses to my resume," is not an unfamiliar refrain. Supply and demand theory says that only when there's a surfeit of demand will it be likely that all graduates will get hired for jobs they want. The majority of the time, employers are able to pick and choose, and they will often not choose anyone but the very best they can afford. This is not that different that at the start of the college journey, when you get rejected by even your safety schools, and you start looking at whether CC is really where you'll end up for a couple of years and then hope to transfer to a 4-yr college. Or, do you start looking at the colleges that are still taking applicants, even after March 31. I recall a case where a girl failed to get into Stanford, and decided to go there anyway, attend classes, and con people into letting her sleep on their couches because of "housing glitches." She was eventually found out, but I never found out whether Stanford was her reach school or not. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I know many recent grads and cant say I know any with STEM degrees who were unable to find a job within several months, even in flooded small-town markets during the recession. I also cant say Ive noticed any short term morale or attitude problems amongst them, IME those only develop after years in industry. OTOH, I do know quite a few non-STEM grads who gave up on finding jobs within their field and moved on to others but that is nothing new nor I believe an increasingly common problem. Past generations have struggled with this as well but I believe had a significantly easier time transitioning to other well-paying careers for various reasons, less regulation, less technology, and a significantly better economy being key among many. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "Any comments? advice,or real life stories ?" I graduated into an awful job market, coming at the end of a recession and following the break-up of Britain's nationalised utilities. The market had a lot of experienced labour looking for work, and the area of the country where I lived was hit hard by major employers closing in mining, ship-building and hevay manufacturing. I took a job with a start-up company making about the same per hour as I had in the bar job I had through university. That job was a great place to learn how a company works and be involved in pretty much all parts of the business except the accounts, but the wages were dire. Took three job moves, a couple of relocations, three good relationships wrecked and two years living out of a suitcase to break into the industry I wanted to be in. I guess the message is that if you want to succeed then you can, but you'll pick up a few knocks along the way. In hindsight was it worth it? Most days, I think I'd say yes. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The message should be that perseverance and stubbornness can make up for a lot. The people who succeed in the face of huge odds are those that refuse to give up. Naturally, some actual talent would be useful TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Being able to persevere and be stubborn is a blessing and curse. For every guy who has overcome great odds, there are 10 other guys who should have rethought their plan before grinding it to an obvious conclusion. Something has to be said though about lazy people who are smart enough to avoid anything that is too much work. If you are starting a business, your goal should be to pick a specialty that allows you to be as lazy as possible. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "your goal should be to pick a specialty that allows you to be as lazy as possible." Supply and demand, again. I doubt there are that many specialties that allow you to be that lazy, as it's unlikely that you're the only person in the entire world that has stumbled upon such a gold mine. Some people are simply not able to deal with failures; they wind up in the herd. Others might be too lazy to look for those mythical lazy opportunities. In between are the those that generate the 90% failures in the 1st two years and the 10% that get to fight on, and fraction thereof that succeed for any length of time. Longevity is not necessarily a bulwark against eventual failure, Montgomery Ward was in business over 100 years and even though they attempted to survive as a purely on-line merchant, they still could not overcome their issues. Sears, which is likewise 100+ years in operation is teetering on the brink, although it's managed to last slightly longer than Montgomery Ward. Even Macy's is struggling. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I graduated within the top 5% of my class, from a top tier university in Canada. I had two years of co-op work experience, and a Master's degree. And it was no picnic for me to find my first job. That was back in 1991, when about 70% of engineering grads in Canada worked as engineers. As of 2011, only about 30% of engineering grads work as engineers. I'd estimate that in Canada, roughly 1/2 the overall graduating class is falling into that disappointment category. They just had to find a job, so they did and moved on. Regrettably though, after two or more years out of the profession, your chances of getting back into it are near zero. Engineering education has a short shelf life. The universities don't even bother to collect the stats on how many of their grads are appropriately employed- they don't care. The ask grads if they're employed, 6 months and 2 yrs after graduation, but don't ask if they're working in the field they were trained for. Instead they ask them a much vaguer question: whether or not their education was "relevant" to their job. Engineering grads are about as likely as the average of all university grads to be employed 6 months or 2 yrs after graduation. Of course that average includes such job magnet programs as fine arts, journalism etc. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote: The universities don't even bother to collect the stats on how many of their grads are appropriately employed- they don't care. The ask grads if they're employed, 6 months and 2 yrs after graduation, but don't ask if they're working in the field they were trained for. Sadly we live in a society driven by statistics of low value, so long as the headline looks good the general public is pleased. If you want a real chuckle investigate how universities are "ranked" by the media, things like the pass rate and reputation among college professors all seem like grand ideas but IMHO are rather irrelevant vs bottom line returns like percentage of grads employed in their field within X months of graduation and starting salaries. Having attended the tiny inexpensive local campus of a large state chain system for my undergrad I am rather amazed by the number of folks anymore who correlate attendance cost and university prestige amongst the media to education quality. Sadly I've known quite a few with a MS from a major university who wouldn't have lasted freshman year at "lesser" schools, some schools pass the chaff along with the wheat, others cull it. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? It's not even clear that any of us could get into the schools we originally matriculated. UC Berkeley's statistics show that accepted students' GPAs has steadily increased over the past 2 decades. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Rabble rabble, back in my day we didn't even have GPAs above 4.0... Rabble rabble... ---- The name is a long story -- just call me Lo. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? It's called grade inflation. Sort of like getting a trophy for showing up, you pass if you show up. After all the students expect something for the money someone pays. Make what you want of that comment. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? My kids took 4 times as many AP exams as I did, so slightly more than grade inflation. We were toying with BASIC; they had AP exams for Java, classes on Python and C#. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? CWB1, I don't know if you end up even with a better engineering workforce if all universities culled a good chunk of their class. There is a huge disconnect between academia and industry. I don't know if a prof. is the best person to weed out all the people who would be better off in something else. I probably would have been culled in my undergrad if the classes in my undergrad that I didn't have any interest in were used to weed out bad engineers Would I have been better for it? I don't know but I doubt it. I do think older engineers have better horse sense. Computers have made people stupid to the point that a lot couldn't tell you what will sort of happen without running a simulation. Be able to run a software package has some how been given the same importance or value as general understanding. I don't know why this is. Maybe, universities should be hammering the basic concepts harder and not go into as much depth. All the deep stuff is forgotten quickly if the foundations aren't understood completely. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "if all universities culled a good chunk of their class." I don't think that's a good answer. Some of the best students suck at doing actual, real-world, problems. Other of the best students are simply driven by tiger-moms and will suck at engineering, because they have zero passion for it. Early in college is possibly a very poor point in time to determine someone's lifelong fate. My best friend in college didn't decide on his final major until he became a super-senior. Even given all of that, people change and adapt. I don't do anything related to what I majored in, but I'm still happy and I'm very good at what I do now. And, I might actually be sucky at what I majored in. And, I don't see that having more people trained in STEM is necessarily a bad thing. Ignorance of science and engineering can lead to bad or ignorant decisions and decision-making. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? When I did my engineering studies, the university did cull intake and entrance was competitive. What I think happens for some after years of hard work, and not being able to enter the desired field us that it builds frustrations. For sure success is determined by many other factors beyond the degree, like location, field of study, demand, contacts, opportunities and luck. For many, even if they start as engineers, they realize that many and better opportunities are somewhere else and adapt. Maybe that is why I never completed my MS although I did my coursework and have no regrets except for time spent. I was considering a PhD at the time though.Years later I did an MBA and felt I learned something new going beyond engineering. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? HH, JME but schools that cull more students typically graduate better engineers and personally I would sacrifice quantity long before quality. I agree that there is a serious disconnect between academia and engineering but I believe the main reason for this disconnect is the seemingly common notion today that every student who attends deserves a degree. The "great" engineering school my wife attended is an example of this, their relatively high graduation rate and low hiring rates are a function of students having relatively little personal responsibility and being held to relatively low standards. They show up for class, are spoon-fed every detail of testable material, and heaven help the professor whose test questions are more than a renumeration of the few basic textbook assignments theyve had for homework. Forcing the students to think and grow by giving trick or challenging questions is frowned upon and there is little time for discussing the realities of engineering or expounding upon the basic material bc students arent forced to read and learn it outside class as they are elsewhere by the threat of failing. Projects are almost always completed in large groups, common engineering classes often sacrificed for easy "fluff" like six-sigma or OSHA certs, and should the student be dissatisfied with their grade then extra credit and curves are readily available. The university brags about higher GPAs and graduation rates but the reality is their grads trade off education and ability. I have sat through many interviews where students couldnt begin to apply basic principles or couldnt recite them, had only rudimentary knowledge of one solid modeler and common software tools, and little ability otherwise but their resume showed 3.5+ GPAs. Scarily enough, many expect roles in project management or other non-engineering departments but at engineering rates. Its reminiscent of the old joke, "Yesterday I couldnt spell engineer, today I is one." ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "Culling" is not an end-all and be-all. Some of the best engineers I've worked with were rather unimpressive as students, specifically because schoolwork wasn't real-world problems, and they found them boring compared to real-world problems. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I agree with ScottyUK. There does seem to be a shortage of engineers in the power industry, but only for certain cohorts. This is from the 2015 Center for Energy Workforce Development report on gaps in the energy workforce pipeline: While it is not just for engineers, I'd assume the age distribution wouldn't be too far off. There is a trough in the 37-47 age bracket where the supply of engineers is just low. My anecdotal experience reflects this - like Scotty, I am part of the 37-47 age bracket and had a hard time finding work when I graduated. Luckily, I got a job in the power industry and after gaining some experience, have found no trouble finding work. And it's not because I'm any good either, it just turns out that there isn't that much competition in this age / experience group. For example, at the previous utility I worked at, I was one of only two people in the whole network planning team (of 30+ staff) that was around the same age. Everyone else was either a decade older or younger than us. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Causes of the trough. 10 years younger = cheaper hires 10 years older = managing dept, living with budget constraints, not hiring enough expensive middle managers. Technology is stealing American jobs. Stop H1-Bs for robots. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? There is definitely a "lost generation" in there- people who weren't hired as fresh grads during poor economic times. Those people moved on to other professions or lines of work. They're gone, and not coming back. Hopefully the firms that became addicted to out-sourcing their entire training cost on others will be wiped out by the coming demographic shift. Perhaps that will finally generate some opportunities for engineers to see rising wages and enhanced working conditions. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? By wiped out by a demographic shift, are you expecting these companies to go out of business? Sorry to say, but rarely do utilities go out of business, and if they do they are taken over by another. Sad to say I have had the same job and pay, but one week the paycheck had one company name, and two weeks later my paycheck had a different company name. Sad to say some of the new people in the industry work for the new energy sources, but don't have many skills that translate to the utility world. Outsourcing would be nice if the outsourcing only included the new documentation requirements of the federal regulations. But sadly, the only ones who understand them are in-house, and already have full jobs. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Well cranky, it sounds like some people who were lucky enough to get in during those very slow times are going to have the opportunity to be treated like royalty. And they'd better get serious about mentoring and training the next generation on an accelerated schedule! Sounds like a wonderful situation actually- for everybody except the majority of that lost generation. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? The problem is that Power engineering is not available in very many schools. That we are hiring Electricals and teaching them power. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote (cranky108) The problem is that Power engineering is not available in very many schools. That we are hiring Electricals and teaching them power. Don't forget, there are a lot of us mechanicals working at utilities too. I have worked for two of the largest power generation utilities in the US (currently at a non-profit co-op district energy plant). I am just on the downward part of the first hump on that chart. It has been quite lucrative for me. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Hi cranky, That was certainly the case in the UK a few years ago when many polytechnics and universities got rid of their space-hungry, lightly-used power laboratories full of equipment from the 1950's and 1960's and replaced them with other things which squeezed more people into the available space. More bodies meant more money, and it didn't matter because only a half-dozen kids wanted to study an old-fashioned, maths-heavy subject with zero employment prospects. Awkward bastards like me for example - always the black sheep of any group I'm a member of. Today the handful of places here that still have a power engineering program - Bath, Newcastle, Southampton to name a few - are very popular, with graduates being sought-after by the generating and T&D companies and earning good money from the outset. It is a far cry from this industry's darkest days in the late 1980's and early 1990's. Good luck to today's students - power is still (almost) as a tough an option to study as it was back then, and the ones who choose to do so will have to work hard to graduate. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Hang on, uni isn't a vocational training scheme. Up until recently you couldn't get a degree in Automotive Engineering (and frankly from what I've seen there were good reasons for that), so the first couple of years as a graduate were spent learning on the job, either formally or informally (aka being dropped in the deep end). Cheers Greg Locock New here? Try reading these, they might help FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies http://eng-tips.com/market.cfm? ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? That's true Greg, but many universities have shifted their focus toward the microprocessor / telecoms / electronic side of the spectrum - all of which are perfectly valid in their own right - and barely touch the 'old' subjects like electrical machines. Working in generation or T&D is a massive jump for the grads from one of these electronics-biased courses to make, and it's a large training gap for the employer to fill, especially in what has become a very fragmented industry without the large centralised resources of a national or regional utility to provide quality in-house training. Given the choice of paying a relatively small salary premium to grab one of the grads with a power degree or trying to train an electronics grad who never had the chance to study anything in our field, most employers would pay the premium for the power grad because, with all other things equal, the new employee becomes a net contributor more quickly. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? All in all it boils down to a huge disconnect between academia and industry. After all universities will teach whatever is sexy, appealing gets published and brings money in. I remember years ago when there was a push from a university I know to study nuclear engineering, the hype was that going nuclear will be the future of energy. They successfully increase intakes etc....etc. but few years later they had to shutdown the eng dept being left with a narrow PhD program. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Universities here are going off the deep end with bizarre "specialist" undergrad degrees in order to re-package engineering for an even broader audience (30% of engineering grads working as engineers is clearly too high for them- they're no doubt targeting 15%!) My alma mater now offers environmental (civil stream- they fortunately canned the chemical stream), mechatronics, nanotechnology engineering, management engineering (barf!) and biomedical engineering in addition to the usual civil, chemical, mechanical, electrical, computer, systems design (i.e. industrial) and geological. The previous nuclear specialization died in the '80s. Industry by and large doesn't know what the hell to do with these people. What the unis are doing is hiving off core courses from the underlying discipline and replacing them with courses related to the specialist subject matter. It's not just a matter of taking credit for a few technical electives in 4th year- a chemical stream environmental sacrificed heat transfer as one example. That's a core chem eng course. If they hacked away a couple of the useless higher math courses, pointlessly teaching analytical integration, that would be a different matter! Nobody is getting a nanotechnology specialist job with a B.A.Sc. in nanotechnology. No, you're going to need post-grad to do that- so why RUIN the undergrad degree by chopping core courses? I suppose management engineering (barfs again) seals the transition of engineering from basic training for a profession to "the new liberal arts education", or a sexier business degree. I agree that engineering employers have to produce their own professionals from good raw materials. The university's job is education, not job training per se. And when they try too hard at the job training bit, they fail, badly. What works better? CO-OP work as a mandatory part of the educational process. That actually generates engineering grads who really are able to hit the ground running. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? "Nobody is getting a nanotechnology specialist job with a B.A.Sc. in nanotechnology. No, you're going to need post-grad to do that- so why RUIN the undergrad degree by chopping core courses?" Unclear that this is true, given: http://www.nnin.org/news-events/spotlights/nanotec... TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? #### Quote: Nobody is getting a nanotechnology specialist job with a B.A.Sc. in nanotechnology. No, you're going to need post-grad to do that- so why RUIN the undergrad degree by chopping core courses? Why chop core engineering classes? To make the overall program easier thereby improving GPAs and graduation rate, thereby improving the school's ranking in irrelevant media reports. "Nanotechnology" also makes for better advertising than "mechanical engineering" to the ignorant. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? I am amazed when I see from time to time new names for new engineering disciplines, nanotechnology, mechatronics, materials, bio, etc that are nothing but a surrogate of core competencies in basic engineering. As a matter of fact I recall graduates years ago coming out into the market place with new engineering titles and potential employers asking "what is that ?" Some of the degree may fit into an academic setting ; not always an industrial one. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Nanotechnology is quite different that traditional mechanical engineering, so I'm not sure why one would think it's simply an advertising gimmick; it's a multidisciplinary function that involves electricity, chemistry, quantum mechanics, and physics at the molecular level. A quantum dot has no corollary in large scale engineering. Quantum dots are being applied to industrial applications at this instant, so it's not an academic subject. We were looking at sprinkling quantum dots on persons of interest to track their movements nearly 10 years ago. The discussion above about power engineering is an example of the specialization that has already occurred in the electrical engineering arena. 70 years ago, there wasn't much to distinguish power EEs for other EEs since they all wound up taking the same basic courses. Today, an integrated circuit design EE would probably have very little overlap with a power EE. I had many courses on transistor (bipolar and MOS) circuit design and modeling, while 70 years ago, the bipolar junction transistor had barely been invented and the MOS transistor wasn't to make its debut until about 55 years ago, and a whole new field of physics and engineering had to developed to support the industrial needs of those devices. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? ok, so how many jobs you see advertised in nanotechnology for a graduate engineer? zero, maybe if lucky he/she can get a job as a research assistant or as a grad student. Lets be realistic, better to have a degree in core engineering discipline and let life take you where it takes you. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? MFJ, I agree there are many mechanical engineers, and civil engineers in the power area, and as many of us are on the top of the red curve, there will be a shortage. Also as government requirements are ramped up, the shortage is starting now. But just a question about why we are not hearing about robotics engineers, or shortages in that field? And maybe because robotics is covered by another type of engineering. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? IRStuff, you've just proven my point. Nanotechnology is a good specialization for a masters or PhD level student, after a degree in chemical, mechanical or perhaps electrical engineering. I can tell you that my alma mater struggles to find co-op jobs for their nanite undergrads, and we see many former nanites transferring back into chemical after a few terms after waking up and smelling the cat food. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Aren't going to see too many PhD's being CAD jockeys. Our efforts in quantum dots were all purely engineering aspects of how to disperse them covertly and track them, well within our lowly Bachelor's degree purview. TTFN (ta ta for now) I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? Another spin here is immigration. If we look at Canada, Australia New Zealand and US, the first 3 have a rather liberal policy that brings in an oversupply of engineers and other professionals well and above the local needs. In US where the policy is restricted it does not really have an impact on supply. ### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ? From time to time I get emails from recruiters I do not know or do not remember ever contacting. Nevertheless the note had a positive spin: "It’s pretty obvious, your time is now! Positions are hard to fill, salaries are on the increase and you want to make sure that you do not miss the opportunity to position yourself in the right role, with the right salary and the right future career prospects so you can also benefit and prosper over this next boom period. How you do this, is where it gets a little complex - if you are in a role now where you really feel that the role equals the rewards, good for you, however if you have been in a role for a while with no salary or career review, you should be questioning your employers commitment to you. " We are all very well aware that the Australian Construction Industry is on the precipice of an unprecedented period of significant growth in NSW/Victoria and SA in delivering Road/Tunnel/Rail Transport infrastructure Projects over the next decade. It is exciting that we are in one of the key industry sectors along with the Health (health and aging population), Wealth (Management), Logistics, Tourism and Education that is going to drive the economy for the next 10 years or so. When it comes to staff recruitment and retention, this Transport Infrastructure boom is going to bring some significant challenges to Engineering and Construction Groups of all sizes, as experienced previously in the mining and oil and gas boom. .....already seeing talent shortages growing already in many areas such as PM (especially RMS experienced), SPE-PE and Supervisors (where have they all gone?). I have recruited specifically in this sector for 30 years and I predict that the next 1-3 years will be the most challenging period ever when it comes to Civil Construction recruitment as there seems to be too much work to do with too few resources to deliver. It is also important to remember that Australia is not the only Country with this issue, as Globally the Construction sector is predicted to grow by 85% to$15.5 trillion by 2030 so the usual recruitment drives to the UK, RSA and UAE will not deliver the same successful outcomes as was achieved previously.

So what does this mean for you as an extremely valuable, scarce and local individual with a strong career to date and demonstrated experience delivering Transport Infrastructure Projects?

It’s pretty obvious, your time is now! Positions are hard to fill, salaries are on the increase and you want to make sure that you do not miss the opportunity to position yourself in the right role, with the right salary and the right future career prospects so you can also benefit and prosper over this next boom period. How you do this, is where it gets a little complex - if you are in a role now where you really feel that the role equals the rewards, good for you, however if you have been in a role for a while with no salary or career review, you should be questioning your employers commitment to you.

This is a hard and challenging industry with long hours, high pressures and expectations and all under tough and demanding circumstances so it is important that you feel comfortable that you are being acknowledged and looked after by your employer, and if you aren’t - there are plenty of opportunities out there for you!

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

#### Quote (spraytechnology )

If we look at Canada, Australia New Zealand and US, the first 3 have a rather liberal policy that brings in an oversupply of engineers and other professionals well and above the local needs. In US where the policy is restricted it does not really have an impact on supply.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Mine's always been cash in my pocket regardless the name, never had a moving expense otherwise and wasnt sure what other moving benefits the Silicon Valley set get. Granted its not a year's salary but still a nice little bonus. Perks like this often make me wonder why so many younger engineers seem afraid of change. I've volunteered for layoffs twice where I knew I was getting 6+ months salary as severance, "moving" bonus, and leaving on a Friday with a better position waiting Monday.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

In 2014, I got a 25K signing bonus and just over 45K for moving expenses. In 2016, I got a 5K signing bonus (along with a 15% increase in pay over previous employer) at another local company. I agree with CWB1, not sure why people are afraid of change. I think most people are willing to accept the status quo and/or don't want to put in the effort to make something happen. Doing that will usually limit your growth. An example, I started at an EPC at the same time as another engineer in 2011. Our salaries were within 3K of each other. Now six years later his salary has increased ~ 22%. I am at my third different company since then and my salary has increased by just over 100%. He is one of those people that is content with being a "company guy" and doesn't care to look for anything else. He will probably work at the EPC for as long as they stay in business, for better or for worse. A lot of people under 40 seem to have that same view. They seemed thrilled to just to have a job and act like these companies are doing them a huge favor.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Good info folks, obviously I'm in the wrong part of the country/world!

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"They seemed thrilled to just to have a job and act like these companies are doing them a huge favor."

That's not necessarily the only reason for not changing jobs:

> commute -- yes, I could change jobs if I were willing to put up with a 1hr+ one-way commute, but that's nowhere within my cost/benefit analysis space. I could move, but I like my house more than I like any company that's not within a reasonable commute
> starting over -- a new job entails a significant time to build up one's creds and reputation; often, one enters a new job essentially as a noob in the pecking order. Finding your new spot takes time and energy, neither of which I want to expend at this point in my career
> crappy people, etc. -- when you find a job where the crackheads and difficult people are gone, for whatever reason, that's hard to give up. Going to a new job entails the possibility of running into, and afoul of, self-centered nitwits, idiots, and other forms of lower life. These are chi-vampires; they suck your energy and give you nothing in return. You can't be sure of running across them during a single day interview, so it's a gamble. Often, you don't even find them until re-orgs and whatnot shake them loose from the woodwork, and you find yourself writing Pearl Harbor memos and pondering when to give them the finger and walk out.

I've changed jobs 7 times, more or less, not always voluntarily, and there have been at least few times in previous jobs where the above bullet points were true. There's one guy in the current company that's a bit of a chi-vampire, but only because he whines about having never done something before, which is a real motivation sink during a proposal. But, he's not always on my proposals, so I can live with that.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I have to agree with some comments above; generous bonuses are common in US, less if any in other parts of the world, meaning there are more lucrative opportunities in US for employees.

IRstuff - I like your comments about " crappy people" oh boy .... when you come across toxic people my best advice is ...run. Life is to short to put up with that.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

#### Quote (IRstuff)

That's not necessarily the only reason for not changing jobs:

> commute
> starting over
> crappy people, etc

Of course there are other factors to be considered when contemplating a job change and each one should carry some weight. I always factor those in as well. I have excel spreadsheets that I made for economical analysis that include commuting costs, time spent on work related activities (commute + expected hours at work), benefits costs, state and local taxes, etc. Luckily, I don't mind the starting over part since I tend to make an impact and get noticed for my abilities rather quickly. Could that not be the case somewhere, sure, but so far, it has always worked out that way for me. As for people, I just see people as people. I don't expect to go anywhere to make new friends. I just keep it work related and build good working relationships. This has also proved very successful for me.

All that said, I have turned down significantly more jobs than I have accepted due to commute considerations and/or vibe I got during interviews. The current place I work now had some questionable individuals that I met during the interviews and it increased commute from 7 miles to 33. I was on the fence on this one, but I saw the potential and it has been a great job change.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I don't think most take issue with older folks settling or even "coasting" to retirement (within reason), but for engineers fresh out of college its pretty detrimental to their career IMHO.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Hey!!! you calling me old?

Well...

I resemble that remark.

The bottom line is that some people love change, are adrenaline junkies, or they're ambivalent, or they hate change. It takes all kinds of people to make a good team. Having no tribal knowledge can be a really bad thing. There needs to be some old curmudgeonly geezer that can tell you, "oh yeah, we did that 15 years ago, and here's why that was a disaster." That actually happened, but the old geezer was only IBM Tech Systems Journal that had a paper from 15 years prior explaining why we were \$3M in the hole because some lame maintenance guy decided to monkey with the previously qualified and working process.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Engineers, as a group, tend to be negative and I've heard that comment from quite a few non-engineers. Life is never so bleak as some think, including me. And life is very hard for me right now so I am no Pollyanna.

Whether there is a shortage or not, nature and nurture will still effect engineering. People usually move towards their desires even when outside motive forces are not acting upon them. In short, I don't know that we have that much control over numbers in the profession. We do not need to sell young people on STEM. We need to educate them about it enabling them to make a good decision for their lives. It's not about us but them and their interests. We've made our decisions.

I've been participating in the Central Chapter of NSPE-CO, since 2014. It's been quite an education. I understand the importance of licensure and membership in NSPE better now and I am still learning. It is interesting to listen to engineers, attorneys, and insurance companies discuss problems that arise and how they are dealt with, in and out of court. One engineer has been in court numerous times on various things and always takes in a wagonload of documentation and ensures he is familiar with his wagonload of documentation. It matters and is not insignificant. There are many such stories engineers tell about this kind of thing. Attorneys and insurance companies have some interesting stories.

With changes coming in technology, I believe licensure will become even more important and widespread. At least one old industrial company has done away with the industrial exemption and spent several hours explaining what that meant to their engineering staff. With autonomous vehicles coming, based upon some of the presentations I've heard on it, the automotive industry will probably change. I don't know how ubiquitous that thinking is as it is just my opinion based upon what I've learned in the last 4 years of membership in NSPE. My former employer didn't want to assume the legal responsibilities for its engineers any longer and I cannot believe others will not follow suit.

Licensure in the USA is rooted in the US Constitution through Amendment 10 as well as Article 4, Section 2. With that in view, I foresee licensure for engineers as transportation technologies advance.

When I researched ABET's and NCEES's websites, I began to realize that licensure is not insignificant because a lot of effort goes into making it possible. It provides a standard to measure competence much like licensure for physicians and attorneys. And for those who don't put much stock in standards, let's go back to no standards on threads, fiber, etc. and see how good everything works. I know there are problems everywhere but it's a place to begin.

Life events are seldom simple and people are seldom simple. The state of industry, engineering, society, etc. are due to a host of factors, to me. In the USA, a general coarsening of our society has occurred over my lifetime, which is disheartening. We don't value human capital. We have isolated ourselves into silos, which is destructive. This statement reflects some of what I see, "I just don’t understand the disrespectful attitude toward working people.” Source: AFL-CIO CEO-Worker Pay Ratio

Pamela K. Quillin, P.E.
Quillin Engineering, LLC
NSPE-CO, Central Chapter

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I've heard the suggestion that engineers are negative before. I disagree, although I understand where the perception comes from.

We're the ones who see the practicalities and the difficulties in doing something, and we speak up about those things because we understand them. In the eyes of the dreamers we're negative because we shoot holes in their ideas right at the outset. I actually think we're some of the most positive people out there: the optimists who say "Yeah, it hasn't been done before, but we'll find a way to make it work even though we aren't sure quite how." Our underlying optimism is often masked by other traits though, like the cynicism which often develops after a few years in the business, and our seemingly dogmatic application of 'the rules'.

We don't help our cause much do we?

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I have noticed a trend I call 'magical thinking'. Somebody assumes some outcome they'd like to see, as an enhancement on the present state, and it becomes the foundation of some future state. The ballbusters amongst us then point out that while FS is a nice goal, PS to FS is not just a case of waving a wand and shouting some hokum Latin, but may involve spending money, time, resources, at the very least, might need to break a few physical laws, and will have unintended consequences. This makes said ballbusters unpopular with politicians, Social Justice Warriors, and the Twitterati.

Cheers

Greg Locock

New here? Try reading these, they might help FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies http://eng-tips.com/market.cfm?

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

What's worse is if you can think of the objections and reasons for failure faster than the proposer can even complete their presentation. For some peculiar reason, they think that we are not only negative, but we're close minded.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

ScottyUK, no we don't help our cause much.

We do see a lot others don't but, even when they do see things correctly, we often shoot holes in their ideas and them.

Pamela K. Quillin, P.E.
Quillin Engineering, LLC
NSPE-CO, Central Chapter

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"We do see a lot others don't but, even when they do see things correctly, we often shoot holes in their ideas and them."

Yeah, BTDT; it works great with SWMBO

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

IRstuff, are you still surprised to be alive?

Pamela K. Quillin, P.E.
Quillin Engineering, LLC
NSPE-CO, Central Chapter

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I came across a 'brain storming' session white board that had not been erased. It was apparently from the new-grad bunch being groomed to meet the needs of the Fearless Leader**. One of the entries was "Gundam Suit." Nothing like introducing Japanese Anime as a possible future product. The old guys might have been negative about that sort of idea.

One thing that I've considered in such things is that the person who is floating an idea has never asked the basis questions.

1) Why has no one else thought of this?
2) What do I know that no one else does?

As long as the answers relate to corporate inertia or being the first to the party then there's a chance to succeed. Apple computer, for example, benefited greatly from IBM's inertia and Google was the first to understand the page-rank concept.

But what kills me is when someone is basically saying they are so smart that they alone, with no research at all, have concluded that some idea is the best idea. And I find the reason they think they are so smart is they have done nothing to build a basis of comparison.

**The management guy who was leading this also led a project that 3 of 3 engineers said was a bad idea and forced me to use a mechanism I was told later had failed in a prototype stage but they didn't pass that information along to me before demanding I design using it. What was interesting is the core component was purchased from a company that had motive to design a system just like the management guy was going for, but he failed to ask either question. As soon as it was all assembled, it immediately failed and they threw 3-4 years worth of my salary in the garbage and pretended it didn't happen.

I could have saved that company a lot of money by just not working on what the dreamers came up with.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

"are you still surprised to be alive?"

My florist bill is rather high

We used to have a guy who was the gatekeeper for IR&D (independent research and development), always has two showstopper questions. When we first went to him for a new project, he'd ask, "Is anyone else doing this?" We answer "no," and he'd say, "then why do we want to be the first?" Next time around, he'd ask his same question, and we'd answer "sure, A and B are both pursuing it." He'd then say, "so why do we want to be doing the same?"

So, those are always good questions, "are we really the only people the universe to have thought of this?" and, "if this is really a good idea, why aren't there more people doing it?"

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
FAQ731-376: Eng-Tips.com Forum Policies forum1529: Translation Assistance for Engineers Entire Forum list http://www.eng-tips.com/forumlist.cfm

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

2
One of my pet peeves is a closely related cousin to Greg's "magical thinking" and seems to be the polar opposite and enemy of objective (some say negative) debate of a project's merits. I call it "powerpoint engineering" whereby someone with an engineering title, CAD suite, and usually some sort of basic analysis program that they do not actually understand makes a lot of pretty presentations that convince management they are going to make the company billions. They then enjoy many months/years being billed as a rising leader within the company and usually do their best to limit invitations to design reviews, other technical, and DFMEA discussions to prevent technical experts from attending. If the chief powerpoint engineer is in-house they often move to a sister company, division, or other distant department shortly before the recalls and warranty claims begin, and often do so with a raise or promotion. If the chief powerpoint engineer is good they also get an important executive to attach their name to the project so its eventual failure is guaranteed to quickly be explained away and forgotten. If the powerpoint engineer is an outside contractor we commonly call them a consultant, pay them 3x as much as necessary, give them 5x as much time to work, and usually have little/no recourse for substandard work and lack of results. Not to suggest all consultants are that bad, but I've come across enough in aerospace and automotive that whenever the word is mentioned I admittedly get a bit cheeky and counter with suggesting more interns or junior engineers be hired instead. I believe this is where the many jokes and stereotypes about PEs stem from, and why I question the long term viability of keeping the current licensing system. In many regards PEs are starting to go the way of the union journeyman's card as a serious sign of incompetence creating distrust despite being intended to do the opposite.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

#### Quote (CWB1)

One of my pet peeves is a closely related cousin to Greg's "magical thinking" and seems to be the polar opposite and enemy of objective (some say negative) debate of a project's merits. I call it "powerpoint engineering" whereby someone with an engineering title, CAD suite, and usually some sort of basic analysis program that they do not actually understand makes a lot of pretty presentations that convince management they are going to make the company billions. They then enjoy many months/years being billed as a rising leader within the company and usually do their best to limit invitations to design reviews, other technical, and DFMEA discussions to prevent technical experts from attending. If the chief powerpoint engineer is in-house they often move to a sister company, division, or other distant department shortly before the recalls and warranty claims begin, and often do so with a raise or promotion. If the chief powerpoint engineer is good they also get an important executive to attach their name to the project so its eventual failure is guaranteed to quickly be explained away and forgotten. If the powerpoint engineer is an outside contractor we commonly call them a consultant, pay them 3x as much as necessary, give them 5x as much time to work, and usually have little/no recourse for substandard work and lack of results

Tone the sarcasm down a little. Tell us what really happened.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Plazma, there was nothing in that post intended to be sarcastic. My response to outside hiring is a bit facetious but also very serious. I am not discussing an isolated incident but quite a few that I have witnessed at several large corporations and after discussing with peers have come to realize is common occurrence. I have no problem with internal subject matter experts with well-proven history and experience taking charge of their area of expertise nor competent outside help, but there are many inexperienced phonies in industry as well that are mistakenly put into positions of significant responsibility.

One good example was my last employer outsourcing the design of a new variety of widget rather than hiring internally. The firm hired had no experience in that area and after a few initial concept reviews it became painfully obvious their analysis was flawed. It became a "us vs them" scenario but because management had pitched their involvement as beneficial and contracts signed, internal experts were excluded and their opinions were dismissed, and the powerpoint engineers continued unabated. More than a year later the predicted project failure occurred and the company had no recourse. The failure was swept under the rug as being due to insurmountable issues when in reality it failed due to incompetent engineering. Others may disagree, but I am very careful to take unsupervised design responsibility only on things which I have experience with as I view it unethical to work outside my area of experience. Garbage in and a pretty picture out does not make a successful test, and many things cannot be learned except by experience testing what works and what does not. If I was risking only my own money and time that would be one thing, however doing so for an employer or client is quite another.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

It is rather known fact in particular in large organizations, that incompetent people get " promoted up" to get rid of them.

Often the attempt is to promote them in a role they cannot make much damage, not always the case.....

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

Don't you hate the know it all, because you can't teach him anything.

But often real learning happens when he has to fix his own mistakes.

Shortages happen when companies are not willing to create training positions. There may not be a shortage of newbees, but there will be a shortage of knowing olders soon enough.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

The best engineer I have met was beyond arrogant. I don't think anyone taught him anything. He was too prideful to not just figure out himself or to fail. I don't know how much stuff he screwed up but I don't think it was much. He thought he knew everything and went off with another guy to start a consulting company. It worked out for him so maybe he did.

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

I wonder if this topic can be tied to HR non-sense?

God made the integers, all else is the work of man. - Leopold Kroenecker

### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

No, this goes beyond HR, as exemplified by our president's latest immigration proposal; obviously some birdies whispered in his ear that there is a shortage of English-speaking skilled labor in the US.

TTFN (ta ta for now)
I can do absolutely anything. I'm an expert! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKorP55Aqvg
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### RE: A coming engineering shortage ? ---- Who agrees ?

amp/spectrum.ieee.org/riskfactor/at-work/tech-careers/exposing-the-roots-of-the-perpetual-stem-crisis-.amp.html

I don't think I'm going to run out and snap up the hard-copy, mostly because I don't have access to the waiting rooms or parlours where it would be best skillfully and artistically placed.

(If this shows up as shouting, forgive my less-than mastery of Chrome in the real world)

.

(Me,,,wrong? ...aw, just fine-tuning my sarcasm!)

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