INTELLIGENT WORK FORUMS
FOR ENGINEERING PROFESSIONALS

Log In

Come Join Us!

Are you an
Engineering professional?
Join Eng-Tips Forums!
  • Talk With Other Members
  • Be Notified Of Responses
    To Your Posts
  • Keyword Search
  • One-Click Access To Your
    Favorite Forums
  • Automated Signatures
    On Your Posts
  • Best Of All, It's Free!

*Eng-Tips's functionality depends on members receiving e-mail. By joining you are opting in to receive e-mail.

Posting Guidelines

Promoting, selling, recruiting, coursework and thesis posting is forbidden.

Jobs

Reactor design in Production of Ethyl Acetate

Reactor design in Production of Ethyl Acetate

(OP)
Hello All. Hope you will be fine. I Am working as chemical engineer at a petrochemical plant ( acetates). We have a continous reactor of 6 tons for the esterification reaction. Sulfuric acid is used as catalyst.reactor is glass lined. we want to replace it with reactor of different material of construction. because steam consumption is very high as glass is bad conductor of heat. Reaction carried out at 104-106 C. So what do u think which Material is suitable for it ? and secondly direct steam injection through coil is best of jacketed reactor ?? any design idea if u have..plz help me out

RE: Reactor design in Production of Ethyl Acetate

When considering a change of Material of Construction, the first step is to test various alloys. One uses coupons of the candidate materials and inserted in the reactor for a given length of time. After the selected time is lapsed, the coupons are analyzed by a competent Metallurgist and then decide the best performing option.

HTH

RE: Reactor design in Production of Ethyl Acetate

If you can install an external pumped recirculation loop with an inline heat exchanger in the loop, then it should be possible to get loads more heat into this reactor than with the coils or jackets, and you wont have to change the reactor materials of construction for this. However, the HX and pump and piping will all need to be good for the concentration of H2SO4 in this reactor.

RE: Reactor design in Production of Ethyl Acetate

The challenge is that you're making water as a product of the esterification, and in fact you need to drive off that water in order for the esterification to proceed to a high extent. You will end up with diluted sulphuric acid in that water, which can be very aggressive to a wide suite of metallic materials and alloys.

Tantalum is fully resistant, but will cost you the earth.

There may be less expensive alloys, but which one will be resistant will depend entirely on what else is in the reaction mixture, the concentration of acid, the actual metal temperature etc. It is very situation specific.

RE: Reactor design in Production of Ethyl Acetate

Kamran,

You say that steam consumption is high because the glass is a poor conductor. Do you mean that you are having to run the steam jacket hotter to get the same overall heat transferred? Where are you losing heat that you can improve using an alternative reactor?

I was wondering if reducing the losses by improved installation might be more cost effective than replacing the reactor.

Matt

Red Flag This Post

Please let us know here why this post is inappropriate. Reasons such as off-topic, duplicates, flames, illegal, vulgar, or students posting their homework.

Red Flag Submitted

Thank you for helping keep Eng-Tips Forums free from inappropriate posts.
The Eng-Tips staff will check this out and take appropriate action.

Reply To This Thread

Posting in the Eng-Tips forums is a member-only feature.

Click Here to join Eng-Tips and talk with other members!


Resources


Close Box

Join Eng-Tips® Today!

Join your peers on the Internet's largest technical engineering professional community.
It's easy to join and it's free.

Here's Why Members Love Eng-Tips Forums:

Register now while it's still free!

Already a member? Close this window and log in.

Join Us             Close