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ZnO particles in un-valcunised NBR

ZnO particles in un-valcunised NBR

(OP)
Hi

In unvulacnised form, when I section cut NBR, I see some white particles under 20X magnification.

Got it tested and found to be ZnO. Supplier say it's normal.

Anyway to prevent? What could be likely cause?

Thanks much for reading.

RE: ZnO particles in un-valcunised NBR

You could check what type ZnO he uses. Using ZnO in masterbatch instead of the regular powder could help. Using regular ZnO instead of ZnO active could help (change phr) too.

You could test the dispersion in your vulcanised article. If it is too low, then you can go to your supplier and ask for improvements.

RE: ZnO particles in un-valcunised NBR

I agree that the final vulcanizate properties should be examined before drawing any firm conclusions and I would see whether refining the mix on a mill makes any difference. However, I suspect there is a dispersion problem here. Zinc oxide does have a reputation in this respect and it reminds us how difficult it can be to disperse sulphur in NBR.

I have encountered maldispersion of zinc oxide in my standards work although not specifically with NBR. It is important to add the activator early in the mixing cycle, with or without fillers, and certainly before the stearic acid and plasticizers or oils. Ensure the zinc oxide is dry and avoid old stocks. I agree with Metten about masterbatches: some using NBR as the binder are commercially available. Coated grades are also around. As regards particle size I am unsure about active zinc oxide - some people say it disperses more easily than normal grades, others the reverse. One advantage is that a lower level can be used.

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