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Hybrid drive & ICE

Hybrid drive & ICE

(OP)
how does the Prius drivetrain allow the engine to start while not allowing the wheels to turn? As far as I am aware the engine is constantly engaged to the wheels via a planetary gear so how does it do this?

Much obliged!

RE: Hybrid drive & ICE

The planetary gear is actually a differential. The Prius has a motor-generator on 2 of the shafts, and the engine on the third. The second MG is on the output shaft to the wheels.

To start the engine MG2 is locked (more accurately maintains zero speed), so MG1 drives the engine , acting as a starter.

To move off MG2 provides forward torque, and the engine speed is matched to the road speed by varying the speed of MG1. The engine speed is set by the demand power, as it tries to keep to a specific rpm for a given demand power. Therefore electrical power is transferred between the two MGs as necessary in order to provide this speed and torque matching.

Incidentally so far as I know this rather cunning use of a diff as a CVT, with two MGs, was originally proposed in the 70s by a couple of American researchers.  

Cheers

Greg Locock

I rarely exceed 1.79 x 10^12 furlongs per fortnight

RE: Hybrid drive & ICE

(OP)
Thats what i thought but still couldn't figure it out as if one part of the planetary gear turns the rest of it does.

With this in mind surely the locked MG2 would stop the engine from turning?

RE: Hybrid drive & ICE

No, go and play with a differential. If you hold one shaft locked the other two are free to turn. Ignoring any ratios, n1=n2-n3,  that is why it is called a differential. so if n1=0 then n2=n3, and so on.

 

Cheers

Greg Locock

I rarely exceed 1.79 x 10^12 furlongs per fortnight

RE: Hybrid drive & ICE

(OP)
Thank you.

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