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LAWR (Civil/Environmental) (OP)
4 Oct 08 10:42
jartgo (Civil/Environmental)
5 Oct 08 10:04
I assume you are referring to the average end area method.  In this method you essentially take the average of two areas and multiply that average by the distance between the areas.  

The equation is actually in the name: "Average end areas"
where A1 and A2 are the actual end areas, and L is the distance between the areas.

As a simple example, if you have one cross section that is 50 s.f. and one cross section that is 150 s.f., while the sections are 50 feet apart, you have 5000 c.f. of volume between the sections.  

Helpful Member!  BigH (Geotechnical)
5 Oct 08 20:35
We used to use (A1+A2+(A1*A2)^2)/3.   
Apakrat (Civil/Environmental)
24 Oct 08 14:49

If I am intruding, or my assumption be wrong, please just ignore this old coot!

Don't know if this will help or not, but am assuming "LAWR" possibly may be un-familiar with the actual DMD area method employing the double meridian method to calculate the area of a tract of land with numerous corners which have been surveyed and coordinates calculated for each property corner.

El = Elevation in "X" units
D = Distance in "X" units from a mean point

End Area One = {[Elb-Eld)*Da]+[Elc-Ele)*Db]+[Eld-Ela)*Dc]+[Ela-Elb)*Dd]}/2

End Area Two = {[Elb-Elc)*Da]+[Elc-Ela)*Db]+[Ea-Elc)*Dd]}/2

(End Area One + End Area Two)/2 = Volume in "X"^3 units

At 74th year working on IR-One PhD from UHK  - - -

thegraduate (Civil/Environmental)
27 Oct 08 22:51
jthompson is right. It is basically Reimann sums. The shorter your length between your average areas, then the more accurate will be your results.
DRC1 (Civil/Environmental)
28 Oct 08 20:22
One thing to remember is that the distance between the sections is the straight line distance betwwen the ceters of gravity of each section and that sections are perndicular to the striaght line distance. This is important on wide sections and computing volumes on a curve.
jdonville (Geotechnical)
20 Mar 09 14:02
BigH has the correct formula. It is the formula for a prismatic frustum, and should work well as long as the adjacent area shapes are not wildly dissimilar.


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