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P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

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P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

(OP)
I had always thought that P-trap at the air-handling unit condensate drain connection is needed all the time, no matter if the cooling coil is blow-through or draw-through configuration. However, in the project I am working on, I select a wall-mounted BARD unit with blow through configuration. I was asked why the P-trap is needed. My point is that P trap in the blow through configuration can prevent the cold air at the coil from escaping through the drain pipe. Am I correct here? Anyone can share your experience with BARD unit? Or could you advise anything on this P-trap topic?

Thank you so much!

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

I don't know about BARD but you are right.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

(OP)
Thanks, quark.

Another engineer just told me that as long as no negative pressure at the coil connection, no need for the P-trap. I am really confused, so blow through AC unit does not need P-trap???...By the way, in the project, the condensate drain will discharge into the underground drain pipe through the air gap and hub above ground...

Thanks again.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

Blowthrough units do need P-traps. The without a P-trap the condensate line becomes a 3/4" leak path from the unit.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

I think on blow through units, you need to be more aware of the depth of the trap.  A high static unit will blow out a shallow trap.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

(OP)
Thank you all for help!

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

trane has details for draw thru and blow thru on their website

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

Always have the depth of water in the P-trap 1" more than the max S.P. of the fan (positive or negative.  Thus, with a blow-through unit producing 6" s.p., the p-trap should have a water seal 7" deep.

For a draw-through unit producing say,-1.5" s.p., the p-trap water seal should be a min. of 2.5" deep.

Hope this helps.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

(OP)
Thanks again to you all.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

I would always install a P-trap regardless of whether it is blow through or draw through. You have to consider all conditions including when the unit may not be in operation. When the unit it not in operation there would be nothing to prevent drain gases from migrating up into the unit / ductwork and potentially into the occupied spaces.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

P-traps are not expensive. Why not just put a deep one at every condensate drain and be done with it?

Not meaning to sound smart-alecky, but it seems to me that its such a minimal expense.... might as well do it.

Ed

www.engineerboards.com

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

P-traps aren't expensive, but sometimes the installation of them can be.

We reviewed a project where the housekeeping pad had been deleted and the contractor attempted to use 3" of drop to trap against almost 6" of static.

The resulting 'fix' involved coring through the concrete floor and then installing a P-trap in the ceiling space of the floor below.... on 8 air handling units.

The issue was due to 'equal' product being supplied. The equal product that arrived on site was 100mm taller than the design equipment. The solution was to delete the housekeeping pad. Live and learn.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

It depends to the size of the unit and the working SP.
A high working Sp of a AHU will blw out lots of air and creates high noise. Better to have a trap.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

Chris,
Good point. You probably pointed out (hopefully, anyway) an extreme example of this, but something I hadn't considered.

Ed

www.engineerboards.com

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

Note also that if you don't have enough drop for the trap, the condensate would back up in the pan and the pan will remain flooded during summer.

RE: P-trap at air-handling unit drain connection

The Bard wall mounts are blow through and will blow cold air out the drain line.

On draw through a good point is to have a high 'stem' on the trap, refer to 'book page' 116 of my favourite link.

http://www.masongrant.com/pdf/design_guide/ASHRAE_HCDG_C7_Mold.pdf

Take the "V" out of HVAC and you are left with a HAC(k) job.

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