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Cooling Tower Wastewater for Irrgiation

Cooling Tower Wastewater for Irrgiation

(OP)
In efforts to conserve well and municple water for irrigation I have been looking into using our cooling tower blowdown water. With a TDS of 1658VH and hardness of 1295 it is not suitable for agricultural purposes. Does anyone had experience with treating water with this hardness levels or have resources to point me in the right direction.

RE: Cooling Tower Wastewater for Irrgiation

You are looking at desalination of the water.

The equipment to do desalination is called RO, ED, or evaporation. At the present time, it is not economical to use a desalination process to produce water for irrigation.

It is proabably more economical to use a zero blowdown cooling tower process than to desalinate the water separately. With a zero blowdown system, the makeup to the cooling tower is reduced. You can then use the surplus makeup water as your irrigation supply.

Power plants in water source areas recycle the cooling tower blowdown to an evaporator. The evaporator gives you a pure water stream and a brine blowdown stream. The pure water stream is then recycled. The brine blowdown stream is wasted.

UF

RE: Cooling Tower Wastewater for Irrgiation

(OP)
I understand the costs of purchasing and operating a commercial r/o system. There are other factors, water rights, available well water, and LEED credits that may offset the start up costs. When I have used R/O I at least started with fair water, is the brine discharge levels significantly increased when starting with poor water?

Thank you for your help.

RE: Cooling Tower Wastewater for Irrgiation


In short, you asked a general question that is impossible to answer without knowing all of the details of your application. Only general observations can be made.

Most cooling tower applications utilize 6-8 cycles of concentration. That is an optimum range considering the cost of chemicals and blowdown requirements. The cost of cooling tower chemicals increases greatly when you decrease the cycles of concentration. The cost of the raw water and disposal of water have to be addressed.

If you start out with 500 mg/l TDS water quality, and use 7 cycles of concentration in the cooling tower, that would be 3,500 mg/l TDS in the cooling tower. If you only started out, with 250 mg/l TDS, that would be 1,750 mg/l in the cooling tower. Cooling tower manufacturers place specific operational limitations on water quality parameters such as TDS, SS, Calcium among others.

What you are dealing with is a systems type of problem. You have various inputs effecting the outcome. You may have different water quality parameters depending on the water source that may be more corrosive or more scaling. You can have your cooling tower built of more expensive materials that can handle the more corrosive water associated with higher concentrations of salt. You raised other factors such as water rights, available well water, and LEED credits that may offset the start up costs. The size of your system has a bearing on the recommended approach as well. There are lots of trade-offs.

Generally what is done in an application like yours is to reserve the better quality of water for the applications that need higher quality of water. Applications that can get by with lesser quality have to make do with the water quality that is available.

RO technology is easier to apply on a source of good water quality. I personally would not recommend RO to be applied on a cooling tower blowdown. If you are a power plant, my first choice would be an evaporator for desalination as shown in this project:

http://www.pseg.com/companies/global/plants/guadalupe.jsp

http://www.ionics.com/pdf/TP_505.pdf

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