Does anybody have a scientific reference (or test data) to why the end of an open pipe is often cut at a 45 degree angle. My recollection is a straight cut could build up harmomics (standing waves) and reduce capacity. If you notice, organ pipes, and many automobile exhaust pipes are cut at an angle.
You don't see it on smoke stacks, etc so I think it's a phenomia that occurs at high velocities.
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